/ / Royal Palace (Palazzo Reale): photo description (Palazzo Reale)

Royal Palace (Palazzo Reale): photo description (Palazzo Reale)

The Royal Palace appears with its main facade the spacious Piazza del Plebiscito, named in memory of the referendum of 1946, which fell the Italian monarchy. Work on the construction of the Palace began in 1600-ies Domenico Fontana. The customer was the Spanish Viceroy don Ferrante Ruiz de Castro, wishing for the arrival of his overlord, Philip II, to build a residence worthy of the Spanish crown. In the beginning of XVIII century the building was extended, and after the fire in 1837 it was reconstructed with elements of neo-classicism, Gaetano Genovese. Extended façade surmounted by a clock and belfry. In the lower part of the building in 1888 Vanvitelli staged eight niches with statues of the rulers of Naples, vladychestva here since 1140. This is Roger, Frederick II of Hohenstaufen, Charles I of Anjou, Alphonse I of Aragon, Charles V, Charles III of Bourbon, Joachim Murat, Victor Emanuel II.

In the interior of the Palace with 17 rooms, mostly neo-classical, Empire and Baroque, full of art objects. Here is the Court theater, built by John.The Fugue in the second half of the XVIII century, a huge chapel, decorated with colourful stones, with the exhibition of religious art, a giant terrace with fountains and the national library with the famous papyri from Herculaneum. In 1717, this Palace housed the Prince Alexei, son of Peter, taken away to Russia to die.