/ / The Royal Palace in Torino: photo description (Palazzo Reale di Torino)

The Royal Palace in Torino: photo description (Palazzo Reale di Torino)

Palazzo Reale - Royal Palace of Turin, the historic residence of the Savoy dynasty. Was built in the 16th century and later in 17th century, modernized by order of Princess Christina Maria with the participation of the famous architect of the Baroque era Filippo Juvarra. The Palace complex also includes the Palazzo Chiablese and the chapel, which houses the famous shroud of Turin. In 1946, the year the Palazzo Reale became property of the state, and was turned into a Museum. In 1997, the year the building is included in the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO, along with 13 other residences of the Savoy dynasty.

In 1645, the year Princess Christina Maria commissioned architect Filippo Juvarra the construction of the Palace that she wanted to turn into a new Royal residence. This place was chosen, which was already the Bishop's Palace, built in the mid 16th century during the reign of Duke Emmanuel Filiberto. The building was located in an open Sunny position, besides, was standing near the other buildings, which were going to the yard. From the Windows of the Episcopal Palace, the Duke could see both the entrance to the Turin - Porta Palatina and Porta Pretoria. Opposite the Palace stood the Palazzo Vecchio and Palazzo di San Giovanni, sometimes disparagingly called Pasta con Tonino ("Pasta with tuna") because of their architecture - they were later demolished for the construction of the Palazzo Ducale.

In General, the Episcopal Palace was a place the source of power and was greatly expanded in size in order to accommodate the growing Ducal collection of art, hunting trophies, furniture and marble. Emmanuel Filiberto died in 1580, the year, and the Palace passed to his son, Charles Emmanuel. In honor of the wedding of their daughters, Margaret and Isabella in 1608, the year the building was enlarged with a portico, crowned by an open gallery. And in 1630, the year the Duke's heir was Victor Amadeus I, married the French Princess Christine of Mary. It was she who set the tone of the Royal court during the reign of the spouse. On her initiative, the yard moved from the Ducal Palace in Turin to the Castello del Valentino, which at that time was located on the outskirts of the city. There were born many of the children of Victor Amadeus I and Christine Mary. In 1637, the year after the death of the Duke, Christina Mary inherited the rule in the interest of two young sons.

During the reign of Victor Amadeus II in the Palazzo Reale was built by the Daniel gallery, named for artist Daniel Seiter, which has created a luxurious wall paintings. Also by order of the Duke was erected a number of summer and winter apartments apartments facing to the garden. In 1668-1694, respectively, part of the Palazzo Reale became a small chapel, which today houses the main religious Shrine of the Orthodox world - the shroud of Turin.

In 1946, the year the Palazzo Reale has been declared the property of the Italian Republic and turned into a Museum of Savoy. His room decorated with rich tapestries and collections of Chinese and Japanese vases. The Royal Arsenal of weapons stored in the Palace, is a collection of weapons, including rare instances of 16th-17th centuries. Another attraction of the Palace is the Scala della Forbici - stairs built on the project Juvarra. And at the gate you can see the image of a Golden Medusa symbol that protects against the penetration of spies.