/ / Rocca Paolina: photos, description (Rocca Paolina)

Rocca Paolina: photos, description (Rocca Paolina)

Rocca Paolina was not the first fortress built in Perugia. In the 14th century during the military campaigns of cardinal Egidio Albornoz who tried to seize the territory of Tuscany and Umbria on the orders of who was in exile in Avignon, Pope innocent VI, Perugia again came under the control of the papacy. To commemorate this Alborozo in 1373 ordered to build a fortress on the highest hill of Colle del sole (493 meters). Designed by architect Gattapone da Gubbio, the fortress, called the Rocca del sole, was the biggest at the time. But despite this, three years later it was destroyed by local residents during the uprising. All that remains today is the Foundation of a solid wall, on which was founded the modern Piazza Rossi Scotti. This area, incidentally, has a wonderful view of the Apennine mountains in the East.

In 1540 during the pontificate of Pope Paul III, Perugia was the last free city in Italy and were conquered during the so-called "Salt War". At the same time, the Pope commissioned Antonio da Sangallo the younger to build a city on a hill Colle Landon another fortress, called the Rocca Paolina. This had to bulldoze a residential area of San Giuliano, including all the buildings of the Baglioni family that hated Dad. Over a hundred houses as well as churches and monasteries were destroyed and the stones from them were used as building material for the construction of the fortress. Only in 1848, the Rocca Paolina, the former hated symbol of papal authority, was partially demolished.

Today, inside the Rocca Paolina opened Museum Center, where you can discover the history and artistic heritage of Perugia. Located close to the Palazzo del Governo, in which the seat of government of Umbria and Piazza Italy, with beautiful buildings from different eras. In the center of the square stands the monument to king Vittorio Emanuele II.