/ / The fortress Sangallo: photos, description (Rocca di Sangallo)

The fortress Sangallo: photos, description (Rocca di Sangallo)

The fortress Sangallo, also known as the Cittadella, Citadel, was built about five hundred years ago on one of the highest points of Ancona, capital of Italian Marche region, the hill Colle, Astana. This is a superb example of the defences that were ubiquitous at the time. Today the fortress of Sangallo, which is part of the largest in Ancona Park, offers its visitors not only history, but wonderful views down to the town, surrounding hills and the panorama of the Adriatic sea.

Located on a hilltop in the historical centre of Ancona, Cittadella is a shining example of the transformation of the 15-century "ideal city" in 16-ancient "city-fortress". At the time it was the main element of the defensive system at the entrance to the city (now Piazza Sangallo). The construction of the fortress began in 1532, the year on the initiative of Pope Clement VII and designed by architect Antonio da Sangallo, for whom she was named. The Pontiff, skilfully used the fear of a possible invasion of the Turks on the Peninsula, persuaded the rulers of Ancona to build a new fortress, which allowed him to take the city and subjugate the independent Unconscous Republic. By the end of the 18th century walls of Cittadella connected with fortification with a gate of Porta Pia. Two other Fort of Ancona was named Fort Screamo and Fort Altavilla.

The Sangallo fortress, standing at a height of about 100 metres above sea level, has an asymmetric shape with five bastions and two tenalem a total length of 585 metres. A system of underground tunnels were used for communication between the bastions and ramparts for protection against mining by the enemy. In the second half of the 16th century began the construction of the Campo Trinchero, the second line of defensive walls with five shafts that were four times as many ramparts of a fortress Sangallo. Architect Campo Trinchero was Paciotto Francesco da Urbino. Construction was completed in the early 17th century, and the total length of the walls amounted to 915 meters. Today Trinchero Campo is a city Park of Ancona.