/ / The Fortezza Spagnola: photos, description (Fortezza Spagnola)

The Fortezza Spagnola: photos, description (Fortezza Spagnola)

Fortezza Spagnola - spectacular coastal fortress, located on a hill in the town of Porto Santo Stefano, the centre of Monte Argentario. The fortification complex was built by the Spanish in the late 16th - early 17th centuries, after Porto Santo Stefano became part of the public education Stato dei of the Board. In the 15th century on the same place, the Sienese built the Torre di Santo Stefano. Some fragments of this tower, demolished by the Spaniards, was used later in the construction of the fortress.

Work on the construction of the Fortezza Spagnola was conducted slowly and was not completed until 1636, the year. On the draft defense system worked as a military engineer Pedro Alvarez. For several centuries Fortezza Spagnola perfectly fulfilled its role, maintaining and reflecting the attacks of numerous enemies. At the beginning of the 19th century, the French strengthened the whole structure, to enable it to withstand the attacks of the British troops, often occurred during the reign of Napoleon. Then, the fortress became the possession of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and after the unification of Italy continued to serve a defensive function, becoming a strategic point during the First World war. After the Second World war to Fortezza Spanjola was built two buildings for temporary allocation of public institutions, because he is Porto Santo Stefano was almost completely destroyed. In the second half of the 20th century in the Spanish castle underwent several restorations, which resulted in the defense system was its former power and magnificence.

Today Fortezza Spagnola - this imposing building in the shape of a quadrangle with a sloping base. Part of the fortress walls covered with plaster, the other stone. At different heights has many loopholes. Access to the complex is on the side facing dry land; the main entrance leads to a long flight of stairs to the bridge. Several Hiking trails as well as indoor staircases connect the different parts of the fortress. Inside level a sloping Foundation can be seen the tank which provided Fortezza Spagnola drinking water, while the upper levels housed the living quarters for the sentries. Today, the Fort opened a Museum ship skill and archaeological exhibits.