/ / Camp Risiera di San Sabba: photos, description (Risiera di San Sabba)

Camp Risiera di San Sabba: photos, description (Risiera di San Sabba)

Risiera di San Sabba is one of the most gloomy sights of Trieste. This five-story brick apartment complex during the Second World war functioned as a Nazi concentration camp for the detention and execution of political prisoners and as a transit camp for Jews, most of whom were then sent to Auschwitz. It is believed that the notorious SS members Odilo Globocnik, Karl Frenzel and Ivan Marchenko, known as Ivan the Terrible) took part in the brutal killings in this camp. Today, the former concentration camp operates as a civic Museum.

The building was built in 1913 year, and was originally used for the production of rice husk (hence the name, Risiera). During the Second World war the Germans occupied Trieste, used a five-storey building for transportation, maintenance and execution of prisoners. Many prisoners Risiera di San Sabba were subsequently sent to Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland. According to historians, more than three thousand people were killed in Risiera di San Sabba, thousands more were being held here temporarily and was sent to other places. Most of the prisoners came from Friuli and Venezia Giulia (region in Italy 1918-1945-m respectively), as well as from the province of Ljubljana. One of the prisoners of the camp was the Slovenian writer Boris Pahor, and later translated here in Dachau and Natzweiler.

After the Second World war, the building Risiera di San Sabba was used as a holding centre for refugees and a transit point. In the 1950-ies through the camp were many people, especially ethnic Italians fleeing then Communist Yugoslavia.