/ / Loggia dei Lanzi: a photo, a description (Loggia dei Lanzi)

Loggia dei Lanzi: a photo, a description (Loggia dei Lanzi)

Loggia dei Lanzi, also known as Loggia della Signoria, is on the corner of Piazza della Signoria in Florence next to the Uffizi Gallery. The building consists of open arches facing the street and resting on columns with Corinthian capitals. These large arched openings was loved by the Florentines, that Michelangelo in his time offered to build them on the perimeter of the entire area.

Loggia dei Lanzi was built between 1376 and 1382 m over the years, probably by the architect Jacopo di sione, to hold various public events and ceremonies. Its lively and even cheerful appearance contrasts sharply with the grim architecture of the Palazzo Vecchio. Today the Loggia is also a gallery of ancient and Renaissance art under the open sky.

The name Loggia dei Lanzi dates back to the reign of Duke Cosimo de 'Medici I, when the Church was occupied by his hired mercenaries (Marines), Italian lanzichenecchi" reduced to acceptable "Lanzi". After the construction next to the Uffizi Gallery, the roof of the Lodge was redesigned by architect Bernardo Buontalenti to the terrace from which the Medici could watch ceremonies in the Piazza della Signoria. On the steps of the buildings of the Medici family coat of arms - lions, and two Marzocco" marble statues of lions, which is considered a heraldic symbol of Florence. One of Marzocco were made in the era of Ancient Rome, and the second performed in 1598, the year the sculptor Flaminio Vacca. On one wall of the Loggia there is a Latin inscription of 1750, the year commemorating the change of the Florentine calendar for the Roman General. Another inscription was made in 1893, the year in memory of the Florentines, who distinguished themselves during the joining Milan, Venice and Rome to the Italian Kingdom.

The loggia is decorated with numerous sculptures. So, you can see the sculptural group in the style of Mannerist "rape of the Sabine women" by the Flemish master Jean Valentin de Boulogne, known as Giambologna. This impressive composition was made from a single piece of white marble - the largest ever privatissima in Florence. This group stands in the Loggia since 1583, the year. And nearby is another work of Giambologna, the marble sculpture "Hercules defeating the centaur Nessus". Antique sculpture "Menelaus with the body of Patroclus" (3rd century BC) were once found in Rome, but today also decorates the Loggia.