/ / Lucera: photo description (Lucera)

Lucera: photo description (Lucera)

Lucera - an ancient city located in the province of Foggia in the Italian region of Puglia. It was founded by the tribes of dunicel in the center of their possessions - Downie. During archeological excavations were found traces of bronze age settlement.

The name Lucera, probably from the name Lucius, mythical king dauniskio, or temple dedicated to the goddess Lux, Cereris. A third version, the founders of the town were the Etruscans, and in this case its name means "sacred wood" ("ray" woods, "Erie" - sacred).

In 321-m BC, the Roman army was surrounded by the Samnites. Trying to get support of allies, the Romans fell into an ambush and were routed. The Samnites occupied Lucera to, however, was soon ousted in a popular revolt. 320-year Rome gave the city the status of a Colony Togata, which meant that he was under the control of the Roman Senate. And in order to strengthen ties between the two cities, Lucera went 2.5 thousand Romans. Since then, the city was known as the permanent ally of Rome. From those times to have survived relatively many monuments, including an amphitheater. When the Western Roman Empire fell, Lucera gradually began to decline. In 663, the year she was captured by the Lombards, and later the city was destroyed by Constans II, the ruler of the Eastern Roman Empire.

In 1224, the year Emperor Frederick II in response to religious uprisings in Sicily, expelled all Muslims from the island, and many of them for many years settled in Lucera. Their number reached 20 thousand people, and so the city became known as Lukara, Saracenorum because it was the last Islamic Bastion in Italy. In peacetime, the Muslims were mostly engaged in farming - they grew wheat, barley, legumes, grapes and other fruits. They also raised bees and got honey. This colony has thrived for 75 years until, in 1300, the year was not plundered by the Christians under the command of king Charles II of Anjou. Most of the Muslim population of Lucera were expelled or sold into slavery. Many found refuge in Albania, lying on the other shore of the Adriatic sea. Abandoned mosques were destroyed and in their place grew the Christian Church, including the Cathedral of Santa Maria della Vittoria.

After the expulsion of the Muslims, Charles II tried to settle in Lucera Christians, and those Muslims who adopted the new faith, received back their property. However, none of them have been restored to their former positions or are admitted to the political life of the city. In 2009, the year the study was conducted in the gene pool of the inhabitants of Lucera and neighboring towns, in which local residents was discovered a small percentage of North African "blood."

In Lucera has preserved many historical monuments belonging to different periods. Among them is the Roman amphitheater, one of the largest in southern Italy. It was discovered in 1932-m to year together with the statue of Augustus. The size of the amphitheater - 131*99 meters. It could accommodate up to 18 thousand spectators. From the Middle ages preserved the castle, the Church of San Francesco and the Cathedral, built in 1300-ies of the last place of a medieval mosque in Italy. You can also see the Church of Carmen, Santo Domenico, San Giovanni Battista and Sant'antonio. The last dome was once part of the town mosque.