/ / The mausoleum of Augustus: photo description (Mausoleo di Augusto)

The mausoleum of Augustus: photo description (Mausoleo di Augusto)

The mausoleum of Augustus is a huge tomb built for the Roman Emperor Augustus on the campus Martius in Rome in 28 BC, the Mausoleum is located in Piazza Augusto Imperatore, on the corner of via di Ripetta. Today, the mausoleum is closed for tourists, because his internal areas are in poor condition. But even introducing a ruin, it is the dominant element of the landscape on the North side of the Champs de Mars.

The construction of the mausoleum was one of the first Roman projects Aug after he won the battle of Actium in 31 BC, According to the plan round the mausoleum consisted of several concentric rows, planted with cypress trees and covered by a conical roof with a statue of the Emperor on top. Arches supported the roof and opened the access to the place of interment at the bottom. Two obelisks of pink granite was framed by the arched entrance. One of these obelisks now stands in Piazza del Esquilino, and the other at the Quirinal fountain. The overall diameter of the mausoleum was set to 90 m and a height of 42 m.

From the entrance to the center of the mausoleum there was a corridor leading. Inside were three niches for the storage of gold the burial urns containing the remains of members of the Imperial family. Until August in the mausoleum were buried his sister Octavia the younger and the grandchildren and heirs Gaius and Lucius. In addition, the mausoleum has found a resting place Livia, wife of Augustus, Agrippina the Elder and her daughter Julia Livilla, Caligula, Claudius and many relatives of the Emperor.

In the year 410, during the plundering of Rome by Alaric, the Visigoths defeated the mausoleum, stole the urns and scattered the ashes, but left intact the structure of the building. In the Middle ages the mound was fortified and turned into a fortress (as the mausoleum of Hadrian was converted into the Castel Sant'angelo), but already in the 12th century it was destroyed. So a magnificent mausoleum in ruins. Only in 1930 the site was discovered and identified, and work began to preserve it as a monument of archeology. The restoration of the mausoleum of Augustus met the ambitions of Benito Mussolini's transformation of Rome into a great city and the return to him of the glory of the Roman Empire. Mussolini himself considered himself a "reincarnation" of August.