/ / The mausoleum of Galla Placidia photo, description Mausoleo di Galla Placidia)

The mausoleum of Galla Placidia photo, description Mausoleo di Galla Placidia)

The mausoleum of Galla Placidia is one of the main attractions of Ravenna, located near the Basilica of San Vitale. The mausoleum, built in the second half of the 5th century, represents a cross-domed building. Inside it is decorated with mosaics in the Byzantine style, which is considered the most ancient in Ravenna. It is interesting that, despite the fact that the mausoleum is dedicated to the Galle Placidia, daughter of Emperor Theodosius the Great, her body is not here. Galla died in Rome in 450-year and probably buried in the family vault of Theodosius near the Cathedral of St. Peter. A mausoleum in her name in 1996, the year was included in the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

For many years this building served as the chapel when not extant Basilica of Santa Croce. Historians believe that originally the mausoleum was dedicated to Saint Lawrence, its image can be seen in the lunette opposite the entrance. And the mausoleum of Galla Placidia it became known only after the 14th century. Most likely, this was due to the fact, in one of the sarcophagi of the mausoleum housed the body, seated on a throne of cypress, and building a mosaic similar to the mosaic of the Roman Church of Santa Costanza, which buried the daughter of Constantine the Great.

The mausoleum looks like a fortress - especially these similarities emphasize the thick walls and narrow Windows. In plan it is a Latin cross crowned by a cubic tower with inner dome, not visible from the outside. The external wall of the building is decorated with only vertical ridges with flat arches, and on the North facade you can see the frieze with two Panthers and vines.

But inside all surfaces of the mausoleum are covered with the amazing beauty of the mosaics, distinguished for its lavishness. Despite the fact that mosaic on various subjects, together they create an organic unity. In the centre of the dome you can see a Golden cross, surrounded by eight Golden stars, and the corners, an allegorical image of the evangelists. The ceiling is decorated with sophisticated ornament that symbolizes the garden of Eden.

Another attraction of the mausoleum are three sarcophagus of Greek marble. Central - unfinished and left without decoration bears the name of Galla Placidia, however, according to historians, it buried the rich and noble pagan. The sarcophagus of Constantius III, the wife of the Gauls, was made in the 5th century, and the sarcophagus of Valentinian, her son, dated to the 6th century. Interestingly, the latter was opened in 1738, the year, and in it is found the remains of men and women.