/ / The tomb of Virgil: a photo, description Tomba di Virgilio)

The tomb of Virgil: a photo, description Tomba di Virgilio)

The grave of Virgil was an ancient Roman tomb in Naples, which is considered the burial place of the poet Virgil. Located at the entrance to the ancient tunnel known as the Grotta Vecchia or Cripta Napoletana in the urban area between Mergellina Piedigrotta and Fuorigrotta. The crypt is a small, unremarkable building with a small dome, standing on an Eminence in the Park.

The tunnel itself was built during the reign of Augustus to connect Neapolis with the ancient towns of Pozzuoli and Baia. He has more than 700 meters in length and from 4 to 6 meters wide. The arch height varies from 7 to 30 meters in different areas. Until the beginning of the 20th century the tunnel was used for its intended purpose - to travel from Naples to Baia.

When Virgil died in Brindisi in 19 BC, he bequeathed to his ashes were returned to his Villa on the outskirts of Naples. There in memory of the poet was erected a small chapel where every year on his birthday conducted ceremonial rituals. Virgil was revered as a hero, at the grave which the faithful could find protection and advice.

I must say that the Roman poet Virgil before his death, became the object of worship and admiration. In subsequent centuries, especially in the Middle ages, his name is often associated with the legends about the miraculous powers, and his tomb became a place of pilgrimage and pagan rituals. Once at the entrance to the tomb grew a huge Laurel tree. Legend has it that it died in the year of Dante's death, another great Italian poet, and in its place Petrarch planted a new tree. Alas, the second tree also died due to the fact that many pilgrims broke the branches as Souvenirs.

It is believed that standing next to the Church of Santa Maria di Piedigrotta was built on the initiative of the religious authorities, in order to neutralize the pagan place of worship and give it a Christian character. Today the tomb of Virgil is a popular tourist attraction.