/ / Rialto bridge: photos, description (Ponte di Rialto)

Rialto bridge: photos, description (Ponte di Rialto)

The Rialto bridge is the first and most ancient bridge built at the narrowest point of the Grand canal in Venice. The first pontoon bridge was built in 1181 year and was called Ponte della Moneta, probably because of the mint, which was located nearby. In 1255, the year on its place erected a wooden bridge had two inclined ramps and could divorce during the passage of vessels. In those same years, new bridge got a new name - Rialto - in the name of the local market. In the first half of the 15th century the bridge was built two rows of shops whose owners paid the tax to the state Treasury, which, in turn, allocated money for the Rialto. And the contents of the wooden bridge required considerable funds. In 1444, the year the Ponte di Rialto collapsed under the weight of the crowd gathered on the bridge to watch the parade.

The idea of building a stone bridge appeared in 1503, the year, but only half a century later, at the initiative of the then Doge Pasquale Cicogna she began to be implemented. It was planned that under the arcades of the new building can accommodate retail shops. Interestingly, their projects of the bridge was represented by such famous architects as Michelangelo, Palladio, Vignola, and Sansovino, but won the contest of Antonio de Ponte (fun fact - the name of the architect with the Italian language means "bridge"). The construction of the stone Ponte di Rialto lasted from 1588 to 1591-the year - in the form it has reached our days. By the way, until 1854, the year this bridge was the only one thrown across the Grand canal, and today these bridges have four.

Today Rialto is one of the most famous landmarks of Venice. The bridge consists of one arch with a length of 28 metres and a maximum height of 7.5 metres. It is supported by 12 thousand piles scored in the bottom of the Venetian lagoon. Inside there is a souvenir shop 24, which are separated from each other by the two Central arches.