/ / The Galileo Museum: photos, description (Museo Galileo)

The Galileo Museum: photos, description (Museo Galileo)

The Galileo Museum, formerly Institute and Museum of the history of science, is located in Florence in Piazza dei Giudici, near the Uffizi Gallery. The Museum occupies the Palazzo Castellani 11th century, originally known as Castello d Altamonte. Today the Galileo Museum houses one of the world's largest collections of scientific instruments, which demonstrates the importance which the Great Tuscan Medici Dukes, and Lorraine gave science and scientists. The Museum itself was created in the 18th century, when collection of scientific instruments was first exhibited in Stanzino delle Math in the Uffizi Gallery. Later, the exhibits moved to the Museum of physics and natural history, founded in 1775, the year. In 1929 year, the First Italian exhibition of the history of science in Florence, which demonstrated to the world the contribution of scientific collections in the cultural heritage of Italy. As a consequence, in 1930, the year the University of Florence has established the Institute for the history of science Museum, which is housed in Palazzo Castellani.

Nine rooms of the first floor of the Palazzo is given over to exhibits of the Medici Collection, dated to the 15th to 18th centuries. Here are stored all the appliances of Galilee, including his two surviving telescopes, thermometers Academy del Cimento, a unique collection of globes of earth and sky, including a giant armillary sphere of Antonio Santuchchi. The second floor consists of instruments and experimental apparatus the collection of Lorraine 18th and 19th centuries, which tell about Italy's contribution to the development of electricity, electromagnetism and chemistry. On the third floor of the Palazzo houses the Museum's library - about 150 thousand volumes devoted to the history of science.

The Galileo Museum for many years, organizes various exhibitions and activities designed to promote scientific culture, and the connections between science, technology and art. Among the most important exhibitions is the following: "Engineers of the Renaissance, From Brunelleschi to Leonardo da Vinci", "the Medici and science", "Galileo's Telescope: the instrument that changed the world", "Vinum Nostrum: art, science and myths of wine in ancient Mediterranean culture", etc.