/ / Natural history Museum: photo description (Museo Civico della Storia Naturale)

Natural history Museum: photo description (Museo Civico della Storia Naturale)

Museum of natural history was opened in the town of Giardini Naxos in the province of Messina in October 2001. Here, in an area of 340 sq. m., presented findings, brought from different parts of the world - mineralogical and paleontological collections, amazing collection of amber and marine organisms from the bottom of the Strait of Messina. One section of the Museum dedicated to the ecosystems of the river Alcantara flowing through the territory of one of the most important natural parks of Sicily.

In Mineralogy, collected semi-precious stones stand out green, also atacamite found in Chile on the world's largest mine under the open sky, Brazilian amethyst rich purple color weighing 113 kg, the perfect Sicilian aragonite, donated by Baron Floristella of Pennisi, and rare Bolivian cassiterite. Important scientific value are minerals from a geological formation of upper Miocene age circa 5 million years old, brought from the so-called Caltanissetta basin.

Part of the section is devoted to the Volcanology, which is quite logical, given the proximity of mount Etna, the biggest volcano in Europe and one of the most active in the world, as well as volcanic Egadi Islands. This collection of volcanic bombs, the result of past explosive activity of lava, crystals and rocks of different origin from the summit of Etna. Here you can see the famous obsidian - volcanic glass from the island of Lipari, and classical pumice, which is often found on the coast of Sicily.

In the marine collection of shells of the Mediterranean, in particular bivalves Pinna nobilis is the largest in the basin, Pinna rudis, living at depth in areas with strong current, and Atrina prectinata who prefer more calm water. Of particular interest are the white coral from the bottom deep of the Strait of Messina and the sea slugs Pedicularia sicula, hunted by collectors from around the world.

Finally, in the section of paleontology, you can see the primitive stromatolites, ferns, and fossils from Australia, fossil fish and reptiles from Brazil, precious amber with inclusions of fossil insects and other exhibits. Here are the jaws of mosasaurs from Morocco, egg tyrannosaur from China, the skeleton of a pterosaur fossil from Australia, which is estimated to be 600 million years old!