/ / Natural history Museum: photo description (Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze)

Natural history Museum: photo description (Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze)

Natural history Museum of Florence's natural history Museum, consisting of six major collections, is part of the University of Florence.

The Museum was founded in 1775, the year by order of Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo as the "Royal Museum of physics and natural history". At that time it consisted of several collections, housed in the Palazzo Torrigiani on via Romana. Over the past two centuries the Museum has grown considerably and today boasts one of the largest collections in Italy.

The natural history Museum consists of six main sections. So, Giardino dei Semplici located at via Micheli, is a third of Europe's oldest Botanical garden, founded in 1545, the year. Today there are about 9 thousand plants.

The Botanical Museum and in via La Pira is a huge herbarium (4 million items!), including the historic collections of Andrea Cesalpino (1563), Philip Barker Webb and Odoardo beccari.

Museum of Geology and paleontology via La Pira keeps about 200 thousand exhibits from the collections of renowned geologists and paleontologists . Of particular interest is the collection of vertebrate fossils (26 thousand exhibits) from different regions of Tuscany and Valdarno, including oreobates (swamp APE), anthropoid primates and skeletons of ancient elephants.

Mineralogical Museum is a collection of minerals and different stones (about 50 thousand items), the significant contribution which made Giovanni, Targoni Tozzetti.

The national Museum of anthropology and Ethnology is located in the Palazzo Nonfinito and stores about 15 thousand ethnological and anthropological exhibits 6100. Here are horns of ivory from the Congo, different icons from Persia, bones and arrows from the Upper Amazon. The Museum collection was enlarged by the exhibits brought by James cook from his voyages to the Pacific ocean.

Finally, Zoological Museum "La Specola" is a collection of 3 million items, of which only 5 thousand on display. Of particular interest are the wax figures. It is believed that this Zoological Museum is the largest in the world.