/ / Murano: photo description (Murano)

Murano: photo description (Murano)

Murano is an archipelago in the Venetian lagoon, the Islands which are connected by bridges. It is located 1.5 km North of Venice and is the administrative authority. According to the last census, there resides some 5 thousand people.

The first inhabitants of this place were the Romans. Then, in the 6th century, in their place came the Nations of Altinum and Oderzo. In those years, Venice was a thriving fishing port, and here salt was mined, and ranging from the 11th century, the local population began to move to the modern area of Venice, and the island began to decline. But at the same time, the hermits of the order of Camaldoli took one of the Islands of the archipelago and founded on it the monastery of San Michele di Murano, which later became the center of education and book printing. The famous cartographer, fra Mauro, whose maps were used by the greatest European explorers and travelers, was a novice in this convent. In 1810, the year of San Michele di Murano was abolished, and the monks were expelled. Today, former monastic land occupied the main cemetery of Venice.

In 1291, the year has been a turning point in the history of the Murano, all the glassmakers of Venice were moved to the island. This separation was caused by the desire of the Venetians to protect the secret of glass production from competitors. In addition, the fiery furnaces, the workshops could be a cause of fires, so they had to be isolated geographically. Interestingly, the glassmakers had the incredible privilege, for example, their daughter could marry a Venetian aristocrats, but by the masters was strictly forbidden to leave Murano. In the 14th century glass produced in Murano, began to export for export, and for some time the island became a major glass factory in Europe.

In 1861, the year the building Palazzo Giustinian was opened Museum of glass that introduces tourists to the history and development of this craft. There you can buy wonderful Souvenirs, after all, Murano glass has become one of the symbols of Venice. The island has several large factories, most famous of which is Formia. Among other attractions, Venice is called the Cathedral of Santi Maria e Donato, known for its Byzantine frescoes of the 12th century Church of San Pietro Martire and Palazzo da Mula.