/ / National Museum of prehistory, Balzi Rossi: photos, description (Museo Nazionale Preistorico dei Balzi Rossi)

National Museum of prehistory, Balzi Rossi: photos, description (Museo Nazionale Preistorico dei Balzi Rossi)

National Museum of prehistory, Balzi Rossi is a cave not far from Ventimiglia, located almost on the border with France, one of the most important in Europe archaeological sites. The caves are near the village of Grimaldi - they are formed in a high cliff, steeply to the sea. Its name they got for the red color of the walls. The first explorers in the area were French scientist De Saussure and Prince Florestano I of Monaco. And at the end of the 19th century on the initiative of Englishman Thomas Hanbury in love with this part of Liguria, was created archaeological Museum.

Today it is exactly one can say that in the caves of Balzi Rossi since the lower Paleolithic lived primitive people, and during the upper Paleolithic they were adapted for the crypt. The Museum with its models of the caves in different periods of time provides a unique opportunity to trace the history of local settlements. And among the most notable places can be called "Triplice Sepoltura" Triple tomb, which was discovered in the cave of Barma Grande. In the grave were found the remains of an adult male unusually high growth - 190 cm, and two young men - they were all buried in one hole. In the same grave were found a variety of burial items. Another important burial places in the grotto Grotta dei Fanciulli - there were found the skeletons of two children and a huge number of shells. Human remains found in the caves belong to the so-called Grimaldi race and belong to a group of CRO-magnons.

Cave of Barma Grande and Principe have also been found carved from the bones of 15 statuettes - so-called Venus, which represent female figures with large Breasts and hips, which was probably a symbol of fertility. Important finds are the fossils of elephants, rhinos and hippos, as well as reindeer (the latter belong to a later geological period). And one of the most interesting sights of Balzi Rossi is the picture of the Przewalski horse, made by primitive hudojnikom about 20 thousand years ago.