/ / National Park of Stelvio: photo description (Parco nazionale dello Stelvio)

National Park of Stelvio: photo description (Parco nazionale dello Stelvio)

National Park of Stelvio, founded in 1935, the year is one of the oldest parks in Italy and the largest Alpine national Park, located in the regions of Lombardy and Trentino-Alto Adige / südtirol. It is spread over an area of 131 thousand hectares in the heart of the Central Alps with their majestic mountain ranges, vast green forests, Alpine pastures and rapid water streams, originating in the eternal glaciers. Diverse ecosystems of this Park are home to many rare species of plants and animals, and its landscapes are dotted with small villages perched on the bottom of the valley or the slopes of the mountains. Here the wildlife coexist with land cultivated for thousands of years.

For many hundreds and thousands of years glaciers and the erosive action of water streams created on the territory of the Stelvio national Park's numerous valleys, which were eventually developed by man to some extent. Each valley has its own distinctive features: for example, in Val Venosta, you can see piles of debris at the foot of mountains, long Val Martello stands by the peak of Cevedale and Val Trafoi located at the foot of the snow-covered mountains, Ortls. Lush green Val d'ultimo is rich in water streams and lakes, as well as Val Rabbi and the Val Pejo is famous for its mineral and thermal springs.

The main valley of the Park from ancient times was used as a transport artery for hunters, seekers of minerals and traders. A good example of this artery can serve as the road leading from Bormio to the towers Fraile, and from there to Engadine and Tyrol. On the outskirts of the Park, on one of the busiest intersections, is a small town Glurns, still surrounded by well preserved medieval walls. In the 13th century, people began to rise up from the valley and began to develop the Alpine pastures, which eventually became an integral part of local agriculture. Some of the old summer campsites are still used today.

The Central part of the Stelvio national Park is mostly covered by extensive glaciers and eternal snows that are the source of many rivers and streams, in turn, forming picturesque waterfalls and lakes. On the banks of rivers and lakes grows a huge number of species of trees, shrubs, herbs and flowers, including rare, such as the glacier Buttercup, which can be found only at an altitude of 3500 meters, or dwarf styrax. Of the trees are alder, birch, European spruce, larch, cedar, pine and fir.

The rich ecosystem of the Park gave shelter to numerous species of animals: in the forests inhabited by deer and ROE deer, highlands, inhabited by chamois and Alpine ibex, and everywhere foxes, marmots, stoats, squirrels and hares. Large predators here, however, in recent years, the scientists recorded in the Park, the lynx, wolf and several young specimens of brown bears. No less diverse and the bird Kingdom is in the sky above the Park, hovering Kestrels, peregrine falcons, hawks, kites, Buzzards, etc.