/ / Rocky necropolis of Pantalica: photos, description (Pantalica Necropolis)

Rocky necropolis of Pantalica: photos, description (Pantalica Necropolis)

Rocky necropolis of Pantalica, situated in the South-East of Sicily consists of about 5 thousand tombs carved in the rock of the Iblei mountains in the valley of the rivers Anapo and Calcinara. The age of the necropolis is from 2.5 to 3.5 thousand years. It is believed that it was created sikuli - the people that appeared in Sicily in the late bronze age. Today, together with the Pantalica Syracuse included in the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

The necropolis is situated on a plateau surrounded by canyons, which formed the rivers Anapo and Calcinara, between the towns of Sortino and Ferla. Throughout the plateau there are many Hiking trails, allowing tourists to get acquainted with the nature and history of these places. To the Anapo valley is accessible by a 10-kilometer trail, which is between the cities of Syracuse and Vizzini. The road to the plateau to roll to the side of the Sella di Filiberto or in the direction of the Grotta dei Pipistrelli - bat Cave. Plateau itself is part of three protected areas - nature reserve Orientata Pantalica, Valle Dell Anapo and Torrente cava Grande.

In the first half of the 13th century BC, all the coastal settlement of these places have disappeared with the emergence of various peoples who inhabited Italy in those years. The indigenous population took refuge in the mountains where people could hide. According to ancient sources, in 728 BC, there appeared the king Eblan, who founded the colony of Megara, Iblea. However, the creation at the same time, Syracuse and continuous growth of power of the city determined the decline of the Kingdom of Eblana. Since those times till our days came the megalithic buildings of Palazzo del Principe, also known as Anaktoron and the rocky necropolis of Pantalica. The latter consists of several necropolises, of which the oldest is considered the North West (dates back to the 12th century BC) and the great Northern. The other two are known as the necropolis, and necropolis Filiberto Cavetta (it is also possible to see the buildings of the Byzantine era).