/ / New castle: photo description (New Castle)

New castle: photo description (New Castle)

The fortress of Maschio Angioino, also called the New castle (Castel Nuovo), standing at the shore of the Gulf of Naples, serving as a distinctive symbol of the city for travellers arriving from the sea. Forming in plan irregular trapezoid, it is supplied at a high scarps and reinforced on the perimeter of the high crenellated towers. Its informal name of Maschio Angioino (the"Angevin husband"), the fortress was named in honor of Charles I of Anjou, who had granted it in 1279-1282 years Later, when Alfonso I of Aragon, 1443-1453. it was almost completely rebuilt in Tuscan and Catalan artists.

Three towers of the main facade have the following names: George, Middle Guard. Between the last two towers is the famous arc de Triomphe, one of the outstanding examples of Renaissance architecture, followed in this case, the ancient Roman artistic traditions. Arch erected in honor of the reign of Naples of Alfonso I and consists of several tiers. The lower tier is decorated with Corinthian columns and bas-relief, "Alphonse with his entourage"; the second is the frieze of the Triumphal entry of Alfonso into Naples. The third is also equipped with an arch with ionic columns, and the fourth has four niches with allegorical statues: Moderation, Strength, Justice and Mercy. Crowns the composition in a semi-circular pediment with allegories of two rivers, and above it, a statue of the Archangel Michael, the patron Saint of Christian rulers - warriors. Over this arch worked a number of the great masters: Francesco Laurana, Domenico Gagini, Isaiah da Pisa and Pietro di Martino.

The arc de Triomphe offers a spacious courtyard, from which you can get into the Hall of barons, where the city Council meeting, and in the castle chapel and the dungeon-prison. In the Hall of Baron Ferdinand I of Aragon ruthlessly with the instigators of the baronial rebellion of 1486, which this place got its name.

The castle served as the residence of the Angevin and Aragonese courts; among its famous residents was Pope Celestine V, Giotto, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Charles V and others In the XVI - XVIII centuries the castle was rebuilt several times, and at the beginning of the XX century, as a result of restoration, it was returned to the appearance of the XV century.