/ / Odeon: photos, description (Odeon)

Odeon: photos, description (Odeon)

The Odeon is a small theater in Taormina, built of unbaked brick in the era of Ancient Rome by order of Emperor Caesar Augustus Octavian. Only in the 19th century its ruins were discovered by archeologists and restored today, this monument of antiquity is one of the main tourist attractions of the city.

There is no doubt the origin of the Odeon is the word, by the way, literally means "small theatre". It was built by the Romans when Taormina became a military colony of the Empire in the 3rd century BC For its size it is much inferior to the other building of antiquity - ancient Greek theatre, but his very presence in town is talking about how important was culture to local residents.

The ruins of the Odeon can be seen just behind the hill named after St. Catherine of Alexandria of Egypt, close to the medieval Palace Palazzo Corvaja. They were accidentally discovered in July, 1892, and until their existence is not even suspected! The story finds a very unusual: the blacksmith by the name of Antonio Bambara cultivated his own plot of land, located behind the Church of St Catherine, when his pickaxe hit the red brick. A year later on this place were some real archaeological site and the Odeon is seriously damaged in some parts, was brought to light after several centuries of oblivion.

The architecture of the Roman theatre is almost identical to the architecture of another theatre of Taormina is an ancient Greek. The last South-facing, while Odeon is looking to the northeast. As mentioned above, the theatre is built of brick mixed with limestone. Its layout follows the layout of other Roman theatres: the building is divided into three main sections - a stage, an auditorium and cavey. The scene consists of the stylobate - the top step, which supports the base of the columns and colonnades of the ancient temple (according to some historians, dedicated to Aphrodite). In addition to theater performances in the small Odeon, standing right in the middle of the policy, staged musical show, and there were rulers, important officials, military and religious cults.