/ / Lake Avernus: photos, description (Lago d'averno)

Lake Avernus: photos, description (Lago d'averno)

The lake Avernus is a volcanic lake located in the homonymous crater in the Italian region of Campania, about 4 km Northwest of Pozzuoli. In the nearby volcanic field, known as the Phlegraean and the lake itself is part of an extensive Kompanijskog volcanic belt. Aviernoz is a circle with a circumference of 2 km, and its depth reaches 60 meters.

The lake Avernus played a big role in the life of the ancient Romans, who considered him entrance to the underground Kingdom of Hades. Its name comes from the Greek word meaning "without birds", because, according to legend, any bird flying over the lake, dropped dead from the poisonous fumes. Roman poets often used the word "Avernus" as a synonym for the underworld: for example, Virgil placed the entrance to hell in the cave near the lake, and from there he fell into the realm of Hades and Odysseus.

It is not known whether the lake Avernus so deadly, how it felt today, for example, it does not pose any danger to birds. One can only assume that in the past, volcanic activity was more intense and formed a poisonous fume. But, despite all the fears and threats, the Romans willingly dwelt on the banks of Averno, where they built villas and broke vineyards. In the coastal temples worshipped God Avernus, on the Eastern shore of the lake was built a huge bathing house.

In the 37th BC the Roman military commander Marcus Agrippa turned the lake into a naval base named the Portus Julius in honour of Julius Caesar. The channel she was connected with neighboring lake Lucrino and the sea. Averno also had a relationship with the ancient Greek colony of Cuma - through underground passage, known as the Grotta di COCCIO, which had a length of about 1 km and was wide enough it could drive the chariot. This, incidentally, was the world's first road tunnel, which was used until the mid-20th century. Unfortunately, during the Second World war, the grotto was seriously damaged and now closed to the public.