/ / Lake Trasimeno: photo description (Lago di Trasimeno)

Lake Trasimeno: photo description (Lago di Trasimeno)

Lake Trasimeno, located on the territory of Umbria, is one of the largest in Italy - its surface area is 128 sq. km the Average depth is about 4 meters, width is 15.5 km. No major river flows into lake Trasimeno, as well as none from it does not follow - the water level depends on rain.

Three million years ago at the present location of the lake lapping shallow sea, and then as a result of geological processes it has become Trasimeno with its contemporary forms. Historically, the lake was known as Lake Perugia, and it has always played an important role in the lives of the inhabitants of North-Western Umbria and Tuscany. By the way, the first inhabitants were the Etruscans: three major cities of this mysterious ancient civilization - Perugia, Chiusi, and Cortona - are within 20 km from lake Trasimeno. Unfortunately, those times almost nothing has been preserved. Only in the small coastal town of Castiglione del Lago you can see the Roman ruins, and its streets are structured in the typical Roman style of a chessboard.

Today on the shores of this small lake with muddy waters and rich aquafauna rapid development is experiencing agritourism. In summer it gets very hot and humid, but in General the local climate is quite warm, and winters are mild (the coldest winter happened in 1929, when the entire frozen surface of the lake). You can swim from may to September.

Once on the shores of the Trasimeno flourished mosquitoes carrying malaria. To deal with them in the 1950-ies from the USA have brought some species of fish that feed on larvae of mosquitoes, and since then the situation in the region has improved significantly. However, in the summer months, the lake is still as full of mosquitoes and other insects. The water in Trasimeno clean enough - it is the result of the lack of large farms on its banks, and relatively low population density.

In 1995 the whole area of the lake was included in the natural Park, and in 2003, along its shores paved 50-kilometrowy bike path. There are also several Hiking trails through rough terrain - especially on the hills on the East side of the lake. Picturesque olive and vine groves attract thousands of tourists.

The main local town is Passignano Sul Trasimeno, Tuoro, Monte del Lago, Torricella, San Feliciano, San Arcangelo, Castiglione del Lago, and Borghetto. Each of them has its own peculiarities: for example, Castiglione del Lago has the longest coastline, and Monte del Lago was once only a small fortress. No less interesting is the island located on the lake, Isola Polvese, Isola Maggiore and Isola Minore. The first is the large - its area is 1 sq. km. And is the only inhabited island of Isola Maggiore with its small fishing village the 14th century. Here stands the Castello Guglielmi, built in the 19th century on the foundations of an old Franciscan monastery. Today it is under reconstruction. The Isola Minore is perfectly preserved ruins of an ancient castle, Church and monastery, despite the fact that this place is from the 17th century, it was abandoned due to the constant epidemics of malaria.

Between the towns of Monte del Lago and San Feliciano stands another castle - the castle of Zocco. This is one of the biggest buildings in the vicinity of lake Trasimeno and the only castle on the territory of which preserved medieval tower. A few years ago in the castle lived people, but today it is uninhabited.

Another interesting attraction of the Trasimeno is the leaning tower of Vernazzano height of about 20 meters and is similar to the famous leaning tower of Pisa. Once she was part of an ancient castle, built in the 11th century. At the end of the 15th century castle and the settlement of Vernazzano seriously suffered as a result of local wars, and two centuries later by the earthquake. The tower itself is over 300 years was abandoned. And just recently, to avoid its fall, the structure was reinforced with iron fittings.