/ / Olympic theatre, (Teatro Olimpico)

Olympic theatre, (Teatro Olimpico)

Olympic theatre - oldest surviving indoor theatre in the world, located in Vicenza. It was constructed in 1580-1585-m years by the architect Andrea Palladio and was his last creation. Extraordinary decor of the scene made in the technique of trample on the idea of the architect Vincenzo Scamozzi, who completed the theatre after the death of Palladio. Today, the world's oldest theatrical scenery, still used in productions. In 1994, the year of the Olympic theatre was included in the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

As mentioned above, the theatre became the last project of the great Palladio, who has returned to his native city in 1579, the year and brought with him invaluable experience throughout his life, he studied the architecture of Ancient Rome. By the time the architect, a former founder of the Olympic Academy, has already built a number of temporary theatres in Vicenza. And in 1579, the year the Academy received approval for the construction of a permanent theatre on the site of an ancient fortress, Castello del Territorio, which was used as a prison and powder magazine before you come in decline. Palladio enthusiastically undertook the new project - he was going to build an exact copy of the ancient Roman theatre, but only six months after construction began, he died. Work on the theatre was first continued by his son Silla, and then it started another prominent architect Vincenzo Scamozzi. He relied on the drawings of Palladio, but made some of their elements - for example, halls, Odeo and Antidio, and an arched passage leading through an old medieval wall into the courtyard of the fortress. And, of course, do not forget that Scamozzi was the author of the famous scenery of the stage.

The Olympic theater was inaugurated in 1585, the year, but after a few performances it was abandoned. While the scenery started to first play - "Oedipus Rex" by Sophocles never left the walls of the theater - miraculously they were not injured during the bombing of the city during the Second World war and other vicissitudes of history. Created by Scamozzi, the lighting system used only a few times because of its high cost. Today on stage at the Olympic theatre put plays and musical performances, but the capacity of the theatre is limited to only 400 spectators, in order to preserve the architectural monument. In this theatre only two seasons - spring and autumn. In winter and in summer the theatre is closed because it has no heating and air conditioning, so as not to damage the delicate wooden structures.