/ / The island of Asinara: photos, description (Asinara)

The island of Asinara: photos, description (Asinara)

Asinara is a small island with an area of 52 square km located off the Northwest tip of Sardinia. Its length is 17.4 km, and the width varies from 290 meters to Cala di Sgombro to 6.4 km in the Northern part. The length of the coastline is 110 km away. the name of the island from the Italian language is translated as "inhabited by donkeys", but there is a version that the word "Asinara" comes from the Latin "sanwaria", which means "sinusoidal". Today the island is virtually uninhabited: the population census of 2001 recorded only one permanent resident.

Asinara is a mountainous island with steep and steep coastal cliffs. The highest peak is the Punta della Scomunica (408 meters). Throughout the island there are only three sandy beach, all on the East coast. Interesting fact: on the Asinara meet metamorphic rocks and its age is about 950 million years old - the oldest in all of Italy. Since there is a shortage of fresh water, large trees on the island are very few - they are found only in the Northern part of the island. In other parts the vegetation is represented mostly low subtropical shrubs.

The first human settlements on the Asinara belongs to prehistoric times: near the village of Campo Pardo directly in the limestone rocks shattered the so-called "Domus de the coveted Jonas" - type rock tombs, common in Sardinia between 3400 and 2700 years BC Knew about this island and the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans. In the Middle ages was built the convent of Camaldoli Sant'andrea and Castellaccio located in Punta Maestra. Later, control of the island was a point of contention between Pisa, Genoa Republic and the Aragonese dynasty. In the 17th century, shepherds from Sardinia and Liguria from the mainland colonized the Asinara, and in 1721, the island became part of the Kingdom of Sardinia. In 1885 at the Italian Asinara built a hospital and a penal colony, and about a hundred families of local farmers and fishermen were forced to leave the island, they moved to Sardinia and founded the village of Stintino. During the First World war it housed a pow camp, which contained 24 thousand Austrian and Hungarian soldiers, of which five thousand here, and died. And from 1936 to 1941 during the Italian occupation of Ethiopia on the island were under arrest the members of the Ethiopian noble families. Later, this sent the members of mafia clans and terrorists. Only in 1997 the prison was closed, and the territory of Asinara included in the national Park.

Since 1999, this may get tourists, but only in organized groups - access for private boats and boats categoriestree. Swimming is permitted only on three beaches. In 2008, the land area of the Park was added 107,32 sq km of surrounding waters in the waters with abundant fish and marine organisms. And the most popular inhabitant of the mountainous Asinari is the wild donkey is an albino, or a white donkey, which gave the island its name ("Azino" in Italian "ass").