/ / Gallinara island: photos, description (Isola di Gallinara)

Gallinara island: photos, description (Isola di Gallinara)

The small island of Gallinara an area of only 11 hectares located off the coast of the Ligurian Riviera between the towns of Alassio and Albenga, and is today a natural reserve, famous for its unique Mediterranean flora and ecosystems. By the way, in the Albenga Museum exhibits finds from ancient Roman ships discovered just off the coast Gallinari.

The name comes from the Italian word "Gallina", which is called the wild hen, in the era of Ancient Rome they were found here in abundance. Once upon a time on Gallinari dwelt the powerful monks of the Benedictine monks, from which to have survived the ruins of the old monastery. In the 11th century, this monastery was one of the largest and richest on the entire Riviera and stretched its influence down to France. But in the 13th-15th centuries it lost its importance, and in the middle of the 19th century after the island moved past the monks, was sold into private hands. In addition to the monastery today on the island you can see the round tower of the 16th century, built to protect against pirate raids of the Saracens, and a small neo-Gothic Church.

Nature Gallinari amazing. On the territory of this beautiful island nesting herring gulls, which thanks to the protected status of the reserve can in peace and quiet to do here breeding Chicks. It is on Gallinari is one of the largest colonies of these birds in the Northern part of the Tyrrhenian sea. In addition to seagulls, the nature reserve famous for its flora which are the rarest types of Mediterranean plants. And yet it is home to no less rare reptiles.

Of particular interest Gallinara is for divers in the coastal waters you can see sea daisies - yellow sponge incredible size. The island has two dive site "Christ of the Adversary," also known as Punta Falconara, and Punta Susau, dive which is only possible with experienced guides because of the abundance of unexploded bombs during the Second World war and the wreckage of the shipwrecks.