/ / The island of Lipari: photo description (Isola Lipari)

The island of Lipari: photo description (Isola Lipari)

Lipari is the largest island of the volcanic archipelago of the Aeolian Islands in the Tyrrhenian sea. It is located 44 km to the North of Sicily. On the island resides about 11 thousand people, and at the height of the tourist season its population increases to 20 thousand people.

Despite the fact that Lipari is a volcanic island, the last eruption here occurred more than 230 thousand years ago. The capital city is the island of Lipari, located on the East coast. In addition it has four large villages Pianoconte, Quattropani, Acquacalda and Canneto. To get to Lipari by using the ferry which runs from Naples through the Sicilian city of Milazzo.

In ancient times, the Lipari along with Sardinia was one of the few centers of trade of obsidian in the Mediterranean — this hard volcanic rock was highly valued for its strength and cutting properties. Probably, the first people appeared on the island about seven thousand years ago — according to local legend, the name Lipari is derived from the name of a brave warrior that led people here from the Campaign. Greek colonists appeared on the island in 580-m BC - they settled on the territory of the modern settlement of Castello. Later, in the years of the Punic war, Lipari became a naval base of the Carthaginians, and in 252-251-m BC the island was conquered by the Romans.

In the 3rd century Lipari received the status of a diocese — in the main Cathedral of the island from the 6th to the 9th century, the relics of St. Bartholomew. And when Sicily in the 9th century the Arabs conquered, power was transferred to Benevento. During the subsequent centuries the power of the island passed from hand to hand — it was ruled by the Normans, Hohenstaufen, Angevin and Aragonese dynasties. In the 16th century on Lipari fortress, preserved to our days. Already in the last century, in 1930-40-ies, the island was used as a place of exile for political prisoners, among whom were Emilio Lussu, Curzio malaparte, Carlo Rosselli, Giuseppe ghetti and Edda Mussolini.

Today the main attraction of Lipari is the regional archaeological Museum, which houses ancient artifacts from antiquity, traces of volcanic activities and paleontological collections from all over the Western Mediterranean.