/ / The island of Palmaria: photos, description (Palmaria)

The island of Palmaria: photos, description (Palmaria)

Of Palmaria is an island in the Ligurian sea at the Western tip of the Gulf of La Spezia. It is the largest of the three Islands of the archipelago - its area is about 1.9 sq. km. the other Two - tiny Tino and Tinetto lie further South. In 1997 year, the archipelago, together with Portovenere and the famous resort of Cinque Terre has received the status of UNESCO world Natural and Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.

The Palmaria has the shape of a triangle facing Portovenere and the La Spezia Gulf coast look more refined with their gently rolling slopes covered with Mediterranean vegetation. Third beach looking out to sea, on the contrary, is characterized by high rocky cliffs with numerous caves. In this part of the island is quite difficult to get to, but here is something to see - for example, tourists can visit the Blue cave and Pigeons cave. In the past only accessible with ropes. Inside the Cave of Pigeons was discovered the fossil remains of ancient animals of the Pleistocene era, as well as human remains, confirming the presence of at least 5 thousand years ago.

In more accessible parts Palmaria you can see private houses, restaurant and a variety of baths, both public and intended solely for the employees of the Navy and army. On the island, by the way, many military installations that are of interest from a historical point of view. On one of the hills you can see the Fort of Palmaria, also known as Fort Prince of Cavour, - today it is used as an experimental ecological-educational center. Another military attraction is the tower of the Chip Type, who served in the Second World war, prison, and ruins the battery Albini scattered across the entire island. There are also a few bunkers and the surviving remnants of the coastal artillery.

Palmaria flora comprises about 500 species of plants on the island there are pines, oaks, mastic tree, Euonymus, juniper, etc. In the trees glimpses of Kestrels, Peregrines, hawks, gulls and crows. Of mammals there are different species of bats, rabbits and goats.

The neighbouring island of Tino is part of a military zone. At its highest point is a lighthouse San Venerio, named after the patron Saint of the Gulf of La Spezia - according to legend, he lived on this island as a hermit until his death in 630, the year. After the Saint's death there was built a small temple in the 11th century extended to the monastery, the ruins of this building can still be seen in the Northern part of the island.

Lighthouse San Venerio was built in 1839, the year. It is a fortified building in the neoclassical style. In the evening the light from the lighthouse can be seen on lay-away coast of the Ligurian sea in the town of Lerici or the Cinque Terre.

To reach the island of Palmaria on the boat or on the ferry in the summer months it goes from Portovenere, Lerici and La Spezia.