/ / Ostuni: photo description (Ostuni)

Ostuni: photo description (Ostuni)

Ostuni is a small town in the province of Brindisi with a population of about 32 thousand people. It is located 8 km from the coast. Many tourists, providing income to local residents, attract magnificent beaches with crystal clear waters and white sand. Also developed the cultivation of olives and grapes.

The area around Ostuni has been inhabited since the stone age. It is believed that the first inhabitants of the area were tribes Massimov. Their settlement was destroyed by Hannibal during the Punic wars. Then there were the Greeks, who have built a new colony and gave it the name Ostuni, which translated from Greek means "new city".

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Ostuni was sacked and in 996, the year became part of the Norman County of Lecce. 1300 1463 in the first few years, the city was in subjection to Taranto, and in 1507, the year passed to Isabella, Duchess of Bari, wife of the Duke of Milan, Sforza Giangaleazzo. It was during the reign of Isabella Ostuni flourished social and cultural life. After her death the town became the property of her daughter Bona Sforza, wife of the Polish king Sigismund II. Bona continued the work of the mother and encouraged the development of liberal ideas. In 1539, the year in its order along the coast was built watchtowers for protection from the attacks of Turkish pirates, who controlled in the years of the Balkan Peninsula. To survived Pozzella tower, the Pylon, Villanova and others.

The so-called Old Ostuni is a city citadel built on top of a hill and still surrounded by ancient walls. The city itself is often called città Bianca - the White City, considered the architectural gem of southern Italy. His most famous monuments are the Cathedral and Palazzo Vescovile. In the narrow medieval streets are lined with numerous aristocratic palaces that once belonged to noble families, Auricchio, Airoldi, Byzantine, Falgari, Honda, Jovine, Marselha, Moro, Palmieri, etc.

In the vicinity of Ostuni is still possible to see typical Apulian "masserie" - a fortified farm, one of which, San Domenico, was once the property of the Maltese order.

In the summer Ostuni is becoming a popular tourist resort, and its population grows from 30 to 100 thousand people!