/ / The Palatine hill: photo description (Palatino)

The Palatine hill: photo description (Palatino)

The Palatine hill is the Central of the seven hills which is Rome, and one of the oldest parts of the city. It stands 40 metres above the Roman Forum and the circus Maximus. The name of the hill comes from the word "palace" is a Palace.

According to Roman mythology, Palatine hill was the location of the cave where the she-wolf found Romulus and Remus. According to legend, as adults, the boys killed their great-uncle, seized power from their grandfather's hometown, and decided to build a new city on the banks of the Tiber. But they quarreled, and Romulus killed Remus. And the city was named after Romulus Rome. According to another legend, it was on the Palatine hill Hercules defeated Kakos giant and fire-breathing Ogre. Say that Hercules so much struck the giant with his club (on the South East side of the hill there was a crack — later here was built a staircase Kakos.

If to speak about real events, archaeologists have established that people lived on the Palatine hill around 1000 BC, Many wealthy citizens of the Roman Republic (509 BC - 44 BC) had a residence on the hill. Later, during the Empire, settled here a few emperors — preserved ruins of the palaces of Augustus, Tiberius, Domitian. August ordered the construction near his Palace, the Temple of Apollo.

One of the buildings, which is considered the residence of Libya, the wife of Augustus, is currently under renovation. Next to it you can see the Temple of Cybele, still not completely excavated and closed to the public. And behind it is the so-called House of Tiberius.

Towering over the Roman Forum, is the Flavian Palace which was built during the reign of the eponymous dynasty (1st century ad). Here is the Hippodrome of Domitian — structure, having the form of a Roman circus (horse race track), but too small for the races in chariots. It is known that it was used for sporting events, but what is hard to say. Interestingly, most of the statues, now on display in the Palatine Museum, brought from the Hippodrome.

The whole Palatine hill and the Roman Forum are today the largest Museum under the open sky, free to tourists. You can get here from the street of via di San Gregorio, which begins immediately beyond the Arch of Constantine.