/ / The Palazzo Barberini: photos, description (Palazzo Barberini)

The Palazzo Barberini: photos, description (Palazzo Barberini)

Palazzo Barberini is a Palace in Rome, standing in the square in Trevi. Today within its walls is housed the national gallery of ancient art. It is interesting that recently in the back of the building were discovered mithraeum - temple of the cult of Mithras, dated to probably the 2nd century ad

On this spot once with a slight slope was located the vineyards of the family of Sforza, in whose territory in 1549, the year it was built "Palazzetto". In the 16th century, the vineyards many times changed owners. When, in 1625, the year cardinal Alessandro Sforza had faced financial difficulties, he was forced to sell the vineyard and buildings Maffeo Barberini, later Pope urban VIII.

Establishing a complete Palazzo worked three outstanding architect, each of which left its own characteristics. Carlo Maderno who worked in those years on the Basilica of St. Peter, was to give structure characteristic appearance of a Renaissance Palace. He was assisted by his nephew Francesco Borromini, and then engaged in the work of the great Bernini, then still better known as a talented sculptor. The construction of the Palazzo was completed by Bernini in 1633, the year.

The Palazzo Barberini which was built around the outer court. In the center is a spacious main hall, followed by an oval salon. Part of the Palace dominates the Piazza Barberini, which lies on the lower level. Behind the long wing covers garden. The main building is remarkable with three rows of immense arched Windows, reminiscent of the glazed gallery. Two staircases lead to the first floor is a Grand staircase by Bernini to the left and a small oval Borromini staircase on the right. The interior ceiling is decorated by the masterpiece of Pietro da Cortona - Baroque fresco, which has become a model for similar decorations of palaces and churches. Murals also decorated the room of the first floor.

The garden of the Palazzo Barberini is a sample of "the secret garden" because it is hidden from prying eyes. Here you can see a monument to the Danish artist and sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen to that at the beginning of the 19th century worked in a nearby theater "Quattro Fontane".

Today, the walls of the Palazzo Barberini houses the national gallery of ancient art - one of the most outstanding collections in Italy with works by Raphael and Hans Holbein. The building also has an Italian Institute of numismatics. And it was here in 1950, the year signed a Convention, which led to the creation of the European court of human rights.