/ / Palazzo Vecchio: photo description (Palazzo Vecchio)

Palazzo Vecchio: photo description (Palazzo Vecchio)

Palazzo Vecchio (Old Palace) is one of the most beautiful squares in Italy - Piazza della Signoria. The construction of the Palace began in 1294 on the project of Arnolfo di Cambio as a fortress to protect the residence of the priori - powerful square building with a serrated end. Greater solidity of the Palace attached to the high tower (94 meters), rising above the gallery with 1310. Outside, the building is covered with rustic stone ashlars of stone. The three-story façade features paired Windows, inscribed in semicircular arches, which gives the building the impression of restrained severity. Between 1343 and 1592 in the original project of Arnolfo di Cambio (both inside the building and outside) have been made changes and additions. In these works participated such masters as Cronaca, Vasari and Buontalenti. On the facade, under the arches of the gallery, you can see frescoes with nine coats of arms of communes of the city. The watch has a mechanism that dates back to the year 1667. On both sides of the entrance to the Palace are the marble sculpture for wall circuits.

In front of the Palazzo Vecchio is a series of sculptures, including the famous copy of David by Michelangelo, replaced in 1873, the original. On the facade above the entrance is a medallion with the monogram of Christ flanked by the figures of lions on a bright blue background topped by a triangular tympanum and cornice. The inscription in Latin "Rex regum et Dominus dominantium", which means "the King reigns, and God reigns", was placed there in 1551 by order of Cosimo I.

Salon five hundred of the Palazzo Vecchio, intended for carrying out of sessions of the National Council after the second expulsion of the Medici from Florence, was designed by architect Cronaca. Work on the decoration of the hall was headed by Vasari. The allegorical paintings on the ceiling and walls, tell of the triumphant Return of the Grand Duke Cosimo I in Florence, about the History of the conquests of Pisa and Siena. Among the marble statues of note is the sculptural group of Michelangelo's "Genius trampling brute force."

Among the Supreme of the apartments, besides the apartments of Eleanor of Toledo and Audience-hall, select a Hall of lilies. The name of their room is the decoration with the picture of a Golden Lily on a blue background. On the walls are frescoes by Domenico Ghirlandaio. In the Hall of lilies stands the famous Judith - a masterpiece by Donatello. She used to stand on Piazza della Signoria.