/ / Palazzo della Cancelleria: photos, description (Palazzo della Cancelleria)

Palazzo della Cancelleria: photos, description (Palazzo della Cancelleria)

Palazzo della Cancelleria Palace in the Renaissance style in Rome, situated between the present Corso Vittorio Emanuele II and Campo dei Fiori area Parione. Built between 1489 and 1513 years by an unknown architect for cardinal Raffaele Riario, camerlengo of the Roman Catholic Church (one of the highest court positions to the Holy see). The Palazzo is considered to be the earliest in Rome a Palace built in the Renaissance style. Today the building is the Apostolic office, and it itself is part of the territory of the Vatican state, i.e. it belongs to Italy. In this capacity, has been nominated to the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

As mentioned above, the Palazzo was built for cardinal Raffaele Riario, nephew of the mighty Pope Sixtus IV. According to legend, the money for the construction of the Palace was won in one night in gambling. It is believed that over building was occupied by Bramante and Andrea Bregno, although reliable information about it has survived. In 1517 the newly built Palace was captured the first Pope from the Medici - Leo X, who had not forgotten about the participation of Sixtus IV in the so-called Pazzi conspiracy, when ruling in Florence the Medici wanted to change the family Della Rovere.

Palazzo della Cancelleria was the first Palace in Rome, built in the Renaissance style from the bottom. Its long façade acquire the small Basilica of San Lorenzo in Damaso, on the right side. The Church of the 5th century, like many others in Rome, stands on the site of the ancient mithreum (a pagan temple). During the excavations of the late 20th century there was discovered the Foundation of the temple, built in 4-5 th centuries by Pope Damasius I, - he is considered one of the most important early Christian churches of the city. Nearby was located the cemetery, the ruins of which were also found.

Travertine (calcareous tuff) for the construction of the Palazzo was brought from the ruins of the ancient Theatre of Pompey, as the 44 Egyptian granite columns in the courtyard that was once part of the cloister of the theatre. Interestingly, the very form of the patio resembles the courtyard of the Palazzo Ducale in Urbino.

Landmark Palazzo della Cancelleria is a wall fresco of Giorgio Vasari, he wrote in 100 days than did not forget to brag to Michelangelo.