/ / Palazzo della Carovana: photos, description (Palazzo della Carovana)

Palazzo della Carovana: photos, description (Palazzo della Carovana)

Palazzo della Carovana, also known as Palazzo dei Cavalieri, is a former Palace of the knights of St. Stephen in Pisa, which today houses the école Normale supérieure of the city.

The Palace was built in the years 1562-1564 by the famous architect Giorgio Vasari especially for knights. To be precise, Vasari is not built and radically rebuilt the pre-existing Palazzo degli Antsiani - Palace of the Elders. It remained only small fragments, which are visible on the sides of the building.

The modern name of Palazzo della Carovana, which can be translated as the Palace of the Convoy, was given to him because here for three years, the new novices of the order were trained to participate in the convoys, which then had to fight in the Mediterranean.

The facade of the Palazzo are decorated with intricate sgraffito - a special technique of applying wall painting. Here allegorically represented the various figures and signs of the zodiac, invented by Vasari and made by the sculptor Tommaso di Battista del Verrocchio and Alessandro Porcari. Among the sculptures that adorn the Palace can be called the coat of arms of the Medici family and arms of the Order of St. Stephen, is framed by figures of Faith and Justice work stoldo Lorenzi. The upper gallery of busts of the Grand Dukes of Tuscany were added in the late 16th - early 18th century had worked sculptors Ridolfo, Sirikitti, Pietro Tacca and Giovan Battista, Foggini. The area behind the Palazzo was slightly altered in the first half of the 20th century for the Higher Normal school of Pisa. Inside in some rooms and today you can see the frescoes and stucco of the 19th century, as well as the canvases of the 16th century.

Directly in front of the Palazzo della Carovana in the center of Piazza dei Cavalieri stands a huge statue of Cosimo I de ' Medici. She was executed by the sculptor Pietro Francavilla by order of the Grand Duke Ferdinando I, son of Cosimo, in 1596. Cosimo is depicted standing on a high pedestal on the mantle of Grand Master of the Order of St. Stephen - he wins a Dolphin, the symbol of his power over the seas. Fountain in front of the statue made in the shape of a shell, decorated with two grotesque monsters.