/ / Palazzo Ducale: photos, description (Palazzo Ducale di Mantova)

Palazzo Ducale: photos, description (Palazzo Ducale di Mantova)

The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova (Palazzo Ducale di Mantova) is a group of buildings in Mantua, built between the 14th and 17th centuries mainly for the family of Gonzaga, which used them as a Royal residence in the capital of his Duchy. The buildings are connected by corridors and galleries and supplemented with courtyards and spacious gardens. The whole complex covers an area of 34 thousand square meters and has about 500 rooms, which are notable for various works of art, including the famous frescoes by Mantegna in the Camera degli Sposi.

The Gonzaga family owned the Palace from 1328 to 1707, the first years, when the dynasty ceased to exist. After that the building gradually began to decline, and only in the 20th century began a long process of restoration and transformation of the complex into a Museum.

To get into the Palazzo Ducale from the Piazza Sordello, which turned the ancient building of Palazzo del CAPITANO and Manija Domus. The first was built in the late 13th century Guido Bonacolsi, and originally had two stories and was separated from Manija Domus alley. At the beginning of the 14th century the Palace was added another floor and a large façade with a portico connecting the two buildings. Inside the Palazzo del CAPITANO you can see the monumental staircase Scalone delle Duchesse 17th century, a room of Guastalla, with images of family members Gonzaga and Pisanello's room, named for its painted frescoes of the artist.

Part of the complex is the Castello di San Giorgio castle, built in the late 14th - early 15th centuries on the project Bartolino da Novara, one of the greatest military architects of his time. The castle has a square shape with four corner towers and surrounded by a moat, with three entrances, each of which has a suspension bridge.

The most famous room of the Palazzo Ducale is undoubtedly the Camera PICTA, also known as the Camera degli Sposi (Marriage room). She is known primarily by a cycle of frescoes by the great Andrea Mantegna, executed in 1456-m - 1475-m years. Also interesting are the Domus Nova ("New House"), built in the late 15th century with some modifications in 1595, the year. In 1778, the year the architect Giuseppe Piermarini and was built by the Galleria Nuova, which connected the room of Guastalla, with Domus Nova. Today the gallery holds several altarpieces from the early 16th - late 18th centuries. Hence it is possible to get into Hall degli Arcieri (Arched room), which once housed the private apartments of the Duke. And in this hall there is access to the Gallery degli Speccy with frescoes by pupils of Guido Reni.

Another attraction is the Palazzo Ducale Hall di Manto in the building of the Corte Nuova. The hall is decorated with frescoes with images of the history of Troy. Also worth seeing is the apartment of Isabella d'este, which consists of two rooms, now divided by the entrance to Cortile d Onore. One of them kept the paintings of Mantegna, Perugino and Correggio.

We should also mention the courtyards and gardens of the Palazzo Ducale. So, in Cortile della Cavallerizza 16th century once showed horses before the sale, and the Hanging garden situated at a height of 12 meters above the ground.