/ / Palazzo Carignano and the Museum of the Risorgimento: photos, description (Palazzo Carignano)

Palazzo Carignano and the Museum of the Risorgimento: photos, description (Palazzo Carignano)

The Palazzo Carignano is a historical building in the centre of Turin, located in via Accademia delle Scienze, which today houses the Museum of the Risorgimento. Once it was the private residence of the princes of Carignano, for which he received his name. Famous for its unique rounded façade.

The construction of the Palazzo Carignano was begun in 1679, the year by order of Duke Emmanuel Filiberto, the son of Thomas Francois of Savoy-Carignano and his wife-Frenchwoman Mary of Bourbon. The Duke hired architect Guarino Guarini, a native of Savoy, and instructed him to design a residence suitable for a younger line of the ruling Savoy dynasty. That Guarini did: he designed a spacious structure in the form of a square with straight and quite simply the Eastern facade and lush and very unusual oval tower is slightly sunken into the facade on the West side. In the center of the Palazzo, the project has provided a huge outer courtyard.

Window decorations on the first floor are reminiscent of the campaign of the Carignano family in the regiment of Carignan-Salieri against the Iroquois in 1667, the year. The interior of the Palace was always portrayed as a lush and delightful - they are remarkable frescoes and stucco decorations. Among the frescoes there are some works of Stefano legnani, nicknamed Il Legnanino. The main stairwell is decorated with busts of the work of Pietro Somazzi.

The Palazzo Carignano, built of brick in a typical Baroque style, the facade has a Central oval. The creation of this façade, the architect was inspired by the Church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane the work of Francesco Borromini. In this building in 1820, the year he was born the first king of United Italy Victor Emmanuel II. From 1848 to 1861 was in the Palazzo Carignano was the seat of the chamber of deputies of the Subalpine Parliament.

Today in Palazzo Carignano houses the national Museum of the Risorgimento is the first, largest and the most important of the 23 Italian museums dedicated to the national liberation movement of the Italian people against foreign rule and for the unification of Italy. According to the law of 1901, the year it is also the only Museum of the Risorgimento, has national status. The Museum was established in 1878 year, shortly after the unification of Italy, and its first permanent exhibition was formed in 1908, the year. Initially the Museum collection was stored in the Mole Antonelliana, and only in 1938, the year they were transported to the Palazzo. Among the exhibits of the Museum can be seen weapons, flags, uniforms, printed and handwritten documents, including the original manuscript of "Il Canto degli Italiani" in 1847, the year - the current national anthem of Italy, as well as thematic works of art. A new exhibition opened in 2011 year, is a 30-room Palazzo Carignano and tells about the movement of the Risorgimento with the end of the 18th century until the beginning of the First World war.