/ / Palazzo Madama: photo description (Palazzo Madama e Casaforte degli Acaja)

Palazzo Madama: photo description (Palazzo Madama e Casaforte degli Acaja)

Palazzo Madama e Casaforte degli Acaya is one of the main attractions of Turin. This Palace housed the first Senate of the Italian Kingdom, and the name he was named after two Queens (madama) of the house of Savoy, which adorned the building.

At the beginning of the 1st century BC on the site of the present Palace stood the gate of the Roman walls that surrounded the ancient Taurinorum Augusta (the ancient name of Turin). Two towers, which survived until our days, still remind us about those distant times. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the gate was used as a fortified stronghold to defend the city. Later the building passed into the possession of the family of Savoy-Acaya, one of the branches of the house of Savoy. At the beginning of the 14th century, they rebuilt the remains of ancient walls, turning them into the castle. A century later, Louis Acaya gave the castle a square shape with a courtyard, cloister and four cylindrical towers at the corners.

After the race, Acaya ceased, the castle became the residence for guests of the Savoy dynasty. In 1637, by order of Christina Maria French was the reconstruction of the inner apartments, and the creation of a canopy over the patio. And 60 years later the Palazzo finally got its name - Palazzo Madama. At the same time the great architect Filippo Juvarra received an order for the transformation of Palazzo in the Baroque Palace of white stone, however, in 1721 the construction work was interrupted - was completed only the front part.

In the next century Palazzo Madama was used for different purposes, including in the military during the Napoleonic wars. In the 19th century the building housed the Pinacoteca Regia, the Royal art gallery, and later the Parliament of the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Supreme Court. Since 1934 the Museum of ancient art - a huge collection of pictures, statues, Church ornaments, porcelain, dated to the late middle Ages.