/ / Palazzo Montecitorio: photos, description (Palazzo angel)

Palazzo Montecitorio: photos, description (Palazzo angel)

Palazzo Montecitorio is a Palace in Rome that houses the Chamber of deputies of Italy. The building was designed by architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini for the young cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi, nephew of Pope Gregory XV. However, after the death of the Pope in 1623, the year construction work was suspended and resumed only after the papal throne, innocent XII (Antonio Pignatelli). On the completion of construction work the architect Carlo Fontana, who changed the original design by Bernini, adding a belfry over the main entrance.

I must say, that Pope innocent XII was a tough opponent of nepotism, and promotion, through family ties, unlike their predecessors. That is why Palazzo Montecitorio became a cardinal, and was used for social events. In 1696, the year within its walls settled the papal Curia (court). Later, it housed the administration of Rome and the headquarters of the Metropolitan police. In 1789, by order of Pope Pius VI in front of the Palace established the ancient Egyptian monument Solarium Augusto, also known as the Obelisk of Montecitorio.

After the unification of Italy in 1861, the year and the transfer of the capital to Rome in 1870 year, the Palazzo Montecitorio was chosen to host the headquarters of the chamber of deputies. The former courtyard was covered by a roof and transformed into a semicircular hall. But despite this, the historic Palace didn't quite meet the requirements of time and its new role, so at the beginning of the 20th century it was rebuilt. Only the facade remained intact. Worked on the Palazzo by the architect Ernesto Basile was an adherent of art Nouveau - he added to the Palace so-called Transatlantico a spacious and impressive salon, as if surrounding the courtroom. Today he acts as the informal centre of Italian politics.

He boardroom is notable for the numerous decorations in the art Nouveau style, for example, the impressive dome of stained glass (the work of Giovanni a Belt), a picturesque frieze by Giulio Aristide, Sartorio, the bronze figures flanking the presidential and government benches, and panels depicting members of the house of Savoy work David Calender.