/ / Palazzo Pamphili: photos, description (Palazzo Pamphili)

Palazzo Pamphili: photos, description (Palazzo Pamphili)

Palazzo Pamphili Palace, built between 1644 and 1650 years and faces towards the Piazza Navona in Rome. In 1920, the building housed the Embassy of Brazil in Italy, and in 1964 it became the property of the Federative Republic of Brazil.

In 1644 cardinal Giambatista Pamphili, a member of the powerful Pamphilj family, which already owned a Palace between the Piazza Navona and the via Pasquino, became Pope innocent X.'s election to the throne appeared, and the desire to become the owner of more than an impressive building that reflects the increased prestige of the family. Not long to wait had bought the piece of land, and the architect Girolamo Rainaldi received an order to develop the project of the Palazzo. Construction began in 1646. The new project was to "absorb" in itself, existing buildings, including the former Palace of the Pamphilj family (the scenery of which worked Agostino Tassi) and the Palazzo cibo.

In 1647 for consultations about the future shape of the Palace were invited to the Baroque architect Francesco Borromini, who made their proposals, however, the predominant remains of the original plans Rinaldi, suggesting a rather conservative design. Borromini's contribution was limited to the creation of the stucco decorations in the main hall and decor gallery, located on the first floor. Completed the construction of Palazzo Pamphili Carlo Rainaldi, son of Girolamo.

In 1651, the painter Pietro da Cortona took over the vaults of the gallery. Its frescoes depict scenes from the life of Aeneas, the legendary founder of Rome in Virgil's version (the Pamphili family considered themselves descendants of Aeneas). Before Cortona worked on painting the Palazzo Barberini, where in his murals celebrated predecessor, innocent X - Pope urban VIII. But unlike the Palazzo Barberini gallery, Palazzo Pamphili was a long room with a low arches, then there could not be a single point, which would launch a survey on all murals. Therefore, Cortona created the fresco cycle, placing them around a Central "Apotheosis of Aeneas". It is also worth noting that the rooms on the first floor of the Palace decorated with frescoes and friezes by artists such as Giacinto, Geminiani Gaspard Arc, Andrea Camassei, Giacinto brandi, etc.

New Palazzo Pamphili became home to Olympia Maidalchini, the unpopular wife of his brother innocent, who was a confidant of the Pope and his adviser, and, according to rumors, and mistress.

It is interesting that in Rome there is another Palace of the same name - the Palazzo Doria Pamphilj. For a long time before the unification of the families of the Doria and Pamphilj - they both were known as Palazzo Pamphilj.