/ / The Palazzo Pubblico: photos, description (Palazzo Pubblico)

The Palazzo Pubblico: photos, description (Palazzo Pubblico)

The Palazzo Pubblico - a magnificent Palace in Siena located on the main city square Piazza del Campo. Its construction began in 1297 - it was originally thought that the Palace will meet the Republican government, consisting of the mayor, the podestà and Council of Nine.

The appearance of the Palazzo is a fine example of medieval Italian architecture with influences of Gothic style. The lower floor built of stone, and the upper toothed brick. The facade of the Palace is somewhat concave inside that predefined a slight bulge Piazza del Campo, the Central element of which is the Palazzo. The bell tower - the Torre del Mangia was built in the first half of the 14th century and decorated by Lippo memmi. The tower was designed to surpass the height of the tower adjacent to Florence's main rival Siena. While the Torre del Mangia was the tallest structure in Italy. In the mid-14th century it was supplied with a mechanical watch.

Virtually every large room of the Palazzo Pubblico frescoes, quite uncharacteristic of the period, since they were written at the behest of the rulers of the city, and at the behest of the Church or religious brotherhood. Another unusual feature of these frescoes is that many of them depict secular subjects rather than religious, which was typical of Italian art of the 14th century. The most famous frescoes of the Palazzo are those that are located in the Hall of the Nine, they belong to the brush of Ambrogio Lorenzetti and is known under the title "Allegory and Effects of Good and Bad government." In the scene with a Good picture of the Board you can see a thriving city with dancing in the streets by the people, and in a Bad Rule, rampant crime, and the ruined city wandering sick people. Unfortunately, this cycle, as well as many other frescos of the Palazzo, severely damaged. One reason for this is that once the building housed the vault of the salt that has absorbed all the moisture from the walls, thereby causing a drying of the plaster and peeling frescoes.