/ / Rucellai Palace: photos, description (Palazzo Rucellai)

Rucellai Palace: photos, description (Palazzo Rucellai)

Rucellai Palace - a house of the aristocratic type in via della Vigna Nuova in Florence, built in the 15th century. Most historians believe that the project worked at home Leon Battista Alberti, and supervised the construction of, at least, in part, by Bernardo Rossellino. The facade of the Palazzo was one of the first in the city designed in the Renaissance style. In 1974, the year Charles Mack tried to reconstruct the history of the construction of the Palazzo based on the description of ownership of the family of Giovanni Rucellai and his family, contained in the old tax returns. These documents indicated that in the 15th century on the site of the present Palace were eight separate residential buildings, which later were United in the Palazzo. One of the houses in 1455, the year it was demolished, and in its place have arranged a courtyard, surrounded on three sides by arched galleries with Corinthian columns. Hallway with groin vault connected the courtyard with the via della Vigna Nuova. And in order to give a single image of the scattered buildings, the Rucellai ordered the construction of a common frontage. Probably, the work was conducted in the mid-15th century, but it remained unfinished.

Historically it is believed that the author of the facade of the Palazzo was the famous architect Alberti, since he worked on the family chapel of the Rucellai in the nearby Church of San Pancrazio. However, some preserved documents from the early 16th century, in which the author of the facade referred to Rossellino. This, however, can say that Rossellino only actually engaged in the construction on the basis of the Alberti project.

Three floors of the façade of Palazzo Rucellai, there are different classical orders - Tuscan at the bottom, ionic on the second level and a very simplified Corinthian on the top. The top two floors of remarkable Windows with rounded arches, and completes the picture of a protective ledge. The first floor was used for business (the Rucellai were powerful bankers) and was framed benches, along the entire street facade. Second floor - mezzanine - served for various official receptions, and the third floor housed the private apartments. Another secret - the floor located under the roof and was intended for servants, there are practically no Windows, so inside it was quite dark.

Rucellai Palace has remarkable patio, which once sheltered on three sides by arched galleries. It is believed that it was designed on the model of the loggia by Brunelleschi in his OSPEDALE degli Innocenti.

In the triangular Piazza dei Rucellai, lying in front of the Palace is the Loggia de Rucellai, in his time used for carrying out family celebrations, weddings, etc. Both of these buildings with open space between them (space) today form one of the most graceful compositions of the city of Florence era of the Italian Renaissance.