/ / Palazzo Farnese: photo description (Palazzo Farnese)

Palazzo Farnese: photo description (Palazzo Farnese)

Palazzo Farnese is one of the most outstanding palaces in the style of the High Renaissance in Rome. In 1936 it was leased to France for 99 years, and today the building houses the Embassy of France in Italy.

Palazzo was designed in 1517 for the Farnese family, in 1534, after Alessandro Farnese became Pope Paul III, was greatly expanded by the project of Antonio da Sangallo the Younger. In the construction of the building was attended by prominent architects of the 16th century, including Michelangelo, Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola and Giacomo della Porta. At the end of the 16th century painter from Bologna, Annibale Carracci created in the Gallery of the Farnese cycle of frescoes, which marked the beginning of two different styles of painting following centuries - Roman, Baroque and classicism. In the same Palace were assembled a distinguished collection of sculptures, now preserved in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples, and the collection of works of art exhibited in the Museum of Capodimonte in Naples.

The construction of Palazzo Farnese, begun in 1517, and was interrupted ten years later, during the plundering of Rome. In 1534, Alessandro Farnese was attracted to work on the Palace of the great Michelangelo, who completed the construction of the third floor and the patio. In 1541, he was placed above the Central window of the facade of the huge papal coat of arms - the largest ever built in Rome. When Paul III appeared on the balcony, the entire facade seemed to become a backdrop for his person. Further modifications of the Palace reflect not only changes in the status Alessandro, but the growing influence of the Farnese family as a whole.

In the 16th century, two large granite basin from the baths of Caracalla were adapted for use as fountains in Piazza Farnese, where is facing the facade of the Palace. And in the 17th century Pope Alexander VII allowed Queen Christina of Swedish to stay at the Palazzo for a few months, but she complained about the presence of "fiend". After the departure of Christine in Paris revealed that her servants had stolen from the Palace of silver, tapestries and paintings, and burned part of the door and removed the copper roof.

Palazzo Farnese served as model for many buildings worldwide, among which the Chateau Grimaldi in AIX-EN-Provence (France), the national building Museum in Washington, the Royal Palace in Stockholm.