/ / Pantheon: photo description (Pantheon)

Pantheon: photo description (Pantheon)

The oldest building of the Pantheon - temple of all gods was built in ' 27 BC, Marcus Agrippa. Between 118-128 ad, the temple was substantially rebuilt by the Emperor Hadrian and acquired the shape that it holds to this day.

The inscription on the architrave reads: "Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, Third Consul, made". It left Adrian, who did not put his name on any of the monuments. The reconstruction project Apollodorus of Damascus, has significantly altered the original appearance of the building. Preserved a large portico formed by eight columns of gray granite. Two columns of red granite are standing behind the first, third, sixth and eighth column, forming three layers. The tympanum was once adorned with a bronze eagle with a crown. The ceiling of the portico was decorated with bronze, beveled at the direction of Pope urban VIII Barberini, hence the famous expression: "What the barbarians did not do, the Barberini did". The dome crowning the building, a true masterpiece of engineering art was created entirely on a wooden formwork and is the widest ever built domes.

Inside the building on the sides there are six niches, each of which is framed by two columns. The dome is decorated with five rows of coffers diminishing upwards, with the exception of the last row of the round holes, the so-called "eye of the Pantheon", with a diameter of 9 meters, through which flows inside the stream of light.

Now the Pantheon is also a national mausoleum. First his desire to be buried here was expressed by the painter Raphael. Later here were buried other famous personalities, including representatives of Savoy Royal dynasty.