/ / The petroglyphs of Val Camonica: photos, description (Stone carvings of Val Camonica)

The petroglyphs of Val Camonica: photos, description (Stone carvings of Val Camonica)

The petroglyphs of Val Camonica in the province of Brescia is one of the world's largest collections of prehistoric rock paintings. These petroglyphs in 1979-m to year, was recognized at the international level and were the first world Cultural Heritage UNESCO in Italy. Officially, UNESCO recognized the value of more than 140 thousand of figures and symbols, but new discoveries made in Val Camonica, increased the number of ancient cuts from 200 to 300 thousand. Petroglyphs can be found throughout the valley, but most of them are concentrated in the vicinity of the municipalities of Darfo Boario Terme, Capo di Ponte, Nadro, Cimbergo and Paspardo.

A large part of the rock paintings was made in the era of the iron age - first Millennium BC, and the most recent petroglyphs belong to the culture of kamanov referred to in Latin sources. I must say that the tradition of creating petroglyphs are not ended abruptly and unexpectedly, on the contrary, the drawings on the stones, though in much smaller numbers, they did in Ancient Rome, the middle Ages and until the 19th century.

The first documentary evidence about the petroglyphs of Val Camonica refers to 1909, the year when Walter Laing drew the attention of the National Committee for the protection of monuments two painted boulder near the town of Capo di Ponte. However, the study of these monuments began only in the 1920-ies. It was soon discovered, and other petroglyphs throughout the valley, which led to systematic exploration. Interestingly, during the reign of the Nazis these paintings were considered proof of the existence of the Aryan race.

Study and cataloguing of petroglyphs was interrupted during the Second World war, and then continued under the direction of the Museum of natural Sciences of Brescia and with the participation of foreign experts. In 1964-m to year was published the first book "the civilization of the Val Camonica", and one of the petroglyphs discovered - the so-called "rose camuna" - was recognized as the official symbol of the Lombardy region.