/ / The Grotta Gigante: photo description (Grotta Gigante)

The Grotta Gigante: photo description (Grotta Gigante)

Grotta Gigante, also known as Riesengrosse and Grotta di Breaki, is a huge cave located in the Italian part of the limestone plateau Kras, near the village of Borgo Grotta Gigante, in the municipality of Sgonico. The Central hall of the cave is 107 m high, 65 m wide and 130 m long in 1995, the year the cave was listed in the Guinness Book of records as the world's largest tourist cave. This record was "beaten" only in 2010-m to year, when in the South West of France for tourists was opened in the grotto of La Verne (255 m long, 225 m wide and 195 m in height).

The Grotta Gigante is a member of numerous stalactites and stalagmites, many of which amaze with their amazing beauty. A steep path with electric lights leading the tourists in the same huge hall with a variety of calcareous deposits, the largest of which reaches 12 m in height. The walk to the dungeon takes about 45 minutes. Spacious room and constant temperature throughout the year allowed him to set two Grotta Gigante horizontal pendulum, hanging down from the height of around 100 metres, is the world's longest pendulums. It also installed and other scientific instruments.

The Grotta Gigante was first studied in 1840, the year Antonio Federico Lindner. In those years the karst cavity outside Trieste carefully studied in the search for underground sources of water from the river Timavo to design the city's aqueduct. In 1897, the year the cave was completely mapped Andrea Perko, and in 1905-m to year it has already been adjusted for the adoption groups. But the real tourist flow into the cave only went in the 1950-ies, when the inside was installed with electric lighting

Near the Grotta Gigante is a Museum of Speleology, which besides the various speleological, geological and paleontological exhibits, you can discover valuable archaeological artifacts and a collection of posters with the image of the cave.