/ / The Pinacoteca di Brera: photos, description (Pinacoteca di Brera)

The Pinacoteca di Brera: photos, description (Pinacoteca di Brera)

The Pinacoteca di Brera is the main art gallery of Milan with one of the most valuable collection of Italian painting. In the same building with her located the Academy of Brera.

The Palazzo Brera received its name from the German "Braida" - grassy space in the city (by analogy with the Veronese Sconces). On this spot once housed a monastery, which in the late 16th century passed into the possession of the Jesuits. In 1627-28 the house was drastically rebuilt by the architect Francesco Maria Richini. When in 1773 the Jesuit order was dissolved, the Palazzo has remained an astronomical Observatory and was founded by the monks library. A year later, here added to the herbarium of the new Botanical garden.

In 1776, when it was officially founded the Academy of Brera, the buildings of the former monastery was enlarged to the design of Giuseppe Piermarini, who was appointed Professor of the Academy. Of piermarini taught here for 20 years and worked on many urban projects, for example over the public gardens and Piazza Fontana.

For better teaching of architecture, sculpture and other objects, the Academy has purchased the collection of samples of ancient art, which was extremely important to learn the basics of Neoclassicism. And in the late 18th — early 19th centuries the collection of the Academy added the first paintings of Italian artists. Today you can see works by such masters as Raphael, David, Pietro Benvenuti, Vincenzo Kamuchchini, Canova, Thorvaldsen and others. In 1805, at the initiative of the then Director of the Academy hosted a number of exhibitions by analogy with the Paris salons — the aim of these exhibitions was the positioning of Milan as the cultural capital of modern painting in the 19th century. In 1882, the Pinacoteca was separated from the Academy. For the Pinakothek and today you can see Orto Botanico di Brera.