/ / Pyramid of Cestius: photos, description (Piramide Cestia)

Pyramid of Cestius: photos, description (Piramide Cestia)

Pyramid of Cestius is an ancient pyramid in Rome, situated near the gates of Porta San Paolo and the Protestant cemetery. She stands at the fork of two ancient roads - via Ostiensis and the road that led to the West along the modern via della Marmorata. Since the pyramid was part of the city fortifications, it is perfectly preserved to our days.

The pyramid of Cestius was built around 18-12 centuries BC as the tomb of Caius Cestius, a magistrate and member of one of the four Roman boards. It is made of brick-faced concrete and covered with white marble slabs. The base of the pyramid is equal to 29,6 sq. m. and its height is 37 m.

Inside the pyramid is the burial chamber is a simple rectangular room with barrel vaults, about 6 m long, 4 m wide and 4.8 m in height. When pyramid was explored in 1660, the inner burial room was decorated with frescoes, from which, unfortunately, almost nothing has been preserved. When the grave was created, it was sealed and to get to it was not possible. Today you can get inside only with special permission which is usually granted only to scientists.

The shape of the pyramid of Cestius is reminiscent of the pyramids of Nubia, particularly those that stood in the ancient Egyptian city of Meroe, occupied by the Romans in 23 BC May Zesty participated in the campaign this can explain the similarity of the structures. During the construction of the Aurelian walls between 271 and 275 years, the pyramid was incorporated into the walls and became a part of the Bastion. Today it is part of the well-preserved rows of walls.

The origin of the pyramid of Cestius was forgotten in the Middle ages, the inhabitants of Rome began to consider it the tomb of Remus (at the time the Vatican has stood like a pyramid, but the large size, which is believed to be the tomb of Romulus). The true history of the pyramid was rediscovered only in the second half of the 17th century, when the ancient monument was cleared. In the 18-19 centuries the examination of the pyramid of Cestius was one of the mandatory items for the participants of the Grand tour - travel to Europe. On the monument, wrote Percy Bysshe Shelley and Thomas hardy.

In 2001 restoration work was done the entrance to the pyramid and its interior. Once the restoration work started in 2013.