/ / Pontinskie Islands: photos, description (Pontine Islands)

Pontinskie Islands: photos, description (Pontine Islands)

Pontinskie Islands is an archipelago in the Tyrrhenian sea, located off the West coast of Italy. Its name it received the name of the largest island of the archipelago is Ponza. In the North-Western part are also located the island of Palmarola, GAVI and Zannone, and in the South-East of Ventotene and Santo Stefano. These two groups of Islands are separated from each other by a distance of 41 km.

The archipelago was formed by volcanic activity over many thousands of years was inhabited by people. On its territory were discovered traces of human activity dated to the Neolithic period and the bronze age. Later, it was inhabited by the Etruscans, but the first written mention of the Islands belong to the era of Ancient Rome. According to local legend, once Pontinskie of the island was the Kingdom of Tirrenia, gone under water and leave behind only a narrow strip of land.

During the reign of the Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus in the archipelago were allowed to settle, and the people quickly mastered the Ponza and Ventotene. These two Islands the Romans used as a resting place and a place of exile for politically unreliable citizens. History repeated itself two thousand years later, when during the Nazi regime were exiled here for the same reasons.

In the Middle ages due to constant raids of pirates and Saracens Pontinskie the island was abandoned. Only in the 18th century, they were re-colonized by the Kingdom of Naples, and then became part of United Italy. Today only the Islands of Ponza and Ventotene are inhabited. In addition to this, Ventotene is under state protection as a natural reserve, along with the island of Santo Stefano. Tourists are attracted by magnificent vineyards, wild herbs, fragrant flowers, hidden beaches and magical grottoes.

As for attractions Pontijskogo of the archipelago, most of them have a natural origin, although there are several monuments of history and architecture. On Ponza is worth visiting the Botanical garden, stroll along the promontory of Capo Bianco, climbing to Monte Guardia with the old tower on the summit and explore the numerous caves Grotta della Maga CIRCE, Ulysses on the Grotta Del Sangue, Azzurra Grotta, Grotte del Pilato. The most popular beaches of Ponza - Spiaggia di Kaya di Luna, Spiaggia dei Felci Spiaggia di Le Fourneau. The latter is famous for its natural saltwater pool. Fans of the adventure Company di Serpenti underground maze of the Romans dug tunnels.

10 km from Ponza is the rocky island of Palmarola, uninhabited but with a number of summer restaurants and great beaches. Here you can see the Church of San Silverio and natural cave Kava Mazzella.

Tiny island Zannone, an area of only about 1 sq. km, is part of the Circeo national Park. On it, on top of the mountain Monte Pellegrino, a small educational exhibition on the Park's ecosystems. Well preserved ruins of the Benedictine monastery of the 13th century.

The smallest of the Islands Poninski - GAVI - is a nature reserve and is known for a huge number of living in it lizards.

On Ventotene has several surviving ancient Roman buildings made of volcanic tuff, as well as an extensive system for rainwater collection. And in 2009-m to year off the coast of the island was discovered the wreckage of five ancient Roman ships, some of the artifacts from which are now exhibited in the local Museum.

Finally, in Santo Stefano you can visit the historic prison built by the Bourbons in the late 18th century and used until 1965.