/ / Port Sempione: photo description (Porta Sempione)

Port Sempione: photo description (Porta Sempione)

Port Sempione gate in Milan, the remarkable triumphal arch of the 19th century called Arco della Pace (Arch of Peace). The name of the Port Sempione also applies to stretched around the gate area, and the main street is called Corso Sempione.

The gates themselves were once part of the ancient walls of Milan in the past was called Port Julia (Gate of Jupiter). They were located at the end of the modern street, via San Giovanni Sul Muro. The main task of the gate is the control over the road that led to Castelsardo — Roman Fort, destroyed in the 13th century. Today, little has remained from the original Roman design of the gates, and some of its parts, for example, ancient grave stones were used for construction of various buildings, including the Basilica of San Simpliciano.

In the Centerpiece century Porta Sempione was moved to the North, to the place where now stands the Castello Sforzesco. The castle was built in the 15th century, and the gates were part of it. And in 1807, the year, during the reign of Napoleon, by architect Luigi Cagnola was built the triumphal arch. New gate marked the place where the road Strada del Sempione crossed Milan. This road used to this day, connects Milan and Paris through the Simplon pass in the Alps. When Napoleon's reign ended, and Milan was occupied by the Austrians, the gate was still not completed until the end, and for some time was abandoned. Only in 1826, the year the work was resumed the Emperor Francis II wanted to dedicate the monument to the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the year. Final completion of the work on the Port Sempione had in 1838-the year. During its long history the gate has repeatedly been witnesses of significant events. Through these gates in 1848 year, the retreating Austrian army, defeated in the course of the uprising "Five days of Milan", and in 1859, the year Victor Emmanuel II solemnly entered the city.

Porta Sempione is located in the center of the round square, known as Piazza Sempione. The latter, in turn, is adjacent to the Simplon Park, the main city Park of Milan. Above the Park stands the Castello Sforzesco and the Park you can see 108-meter-high Branca tower, the Palazzo del Arte, the city's Seaquarium and various sculptures.