/ / Porto Torres: photo description (Porto Torres)

Porto Torres: photo description (Porto Torres)

Porto Torres is a small town in Sardinia, near Sassari. Its population is only about 22 thousand people.

In ancient times, Porto Torres, which was called Turris Libisonis, was one of the most important settlements in Sardinia. Probably the city was founded in the Roman era, and since he had the title "Colonia Julia", we can assume that it was laid during the reign of Julius Caesar. The historian Pliny described him as "the only colony on the island, and assumed that it was founded on the site of the Fort or fortified settlement.

Traces of the ancient city, extant, confirmed that he was a very important settlement of the Roman Empire. According to the inscriptions on ancient mile stone, main road of the island came from Caralis (modern Cagliari) to Turris right, which certainly suggests that the place was very popular. And in the early Middle ages it housed the Episcopal throne.

Modern Porto Torres, built on Roman foundations. There are the ruins of the temple, which, according to the inscriptions, was dedicated to Fortuna and was restored during the reign of Emperor Philip the Arab (3rd century BC), the baths, the Basilica and the aqueduct and also a bridge over a small Creek Fiume Turritano. The city existed until the 11th century, when a large part of its population moved to located in the hills of Sassari. Then Porto Torres was ruled by the Genoese Republic, and in the early 15th century was conquered by the Aragon dynasty. Still later, he was part of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies. In 1842 Porto Torres gained independence from Sassari and acquired its current name.

Today it is a small port town, popular among tourists. Usually come here on trips from Sassari to explore the old churches, palaces and the ruins of the ancient times. Among the main attractions of Porto Torres can be called a three-aisled Basilica of San Gavino 11th century, built of marble, porphyry and granite, is the largest Romanesque Church in Sardinia. Instead of the usual for Catholic churches of the facade, facing West, and the Eastern apse, the two apses structure. And in the crypt are kept the Roman sarcophagi. The Roman heritage is the largest in Sardinia the bridge over the river Rio Mannu, its spans are 160-170 meters in length. Definitely worth a visit Nuraghe La Kamozina, Li Pedrazzi, Margon and Minateda, and also the Neolithic necropolis of su Crucifissu Manna and Lion. Also enjoyed the attention of tourists catacombs Tank Borgona, a small Piazza of Amsicora, Palazzo Re Barbaro and the port tower, built during the reign of the Aragonese dynasty.